FINAL REPORT

ByNSDF

FINAL REPORT

NORTHERN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FORUM

September 24-28, 2019

Yakutsk, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russian Federation

FINAL REPORT

         Northern Sustainable Development Forum was held for the first time in Yakutsk from 24 to 28 September 2019. A total of 111 guests came to the forum, including 51 foreign guests, from 14 countries, including circumpolar countries (Iceland, Canada, USA, Finland, Norway, Russia) and North-East Asia (China, South Korea and Japan), and also from Germany, France, Great Britain, Lithuania, Switzerland. In order to discuss issues of sustainable development of the North, these days events were held at 30 platforms in the format of panel discussions, roundtables, research and practice conferences, working groups, lectures and projects presentations. Topics discussed were cooperation between Russia and Asia, sustainable development of regions and cities of the North and the Arctic, economic, social and political issues; issues of small-numbered indigenous peoples of the North.
         The idea of creating the Northern Sustainable Development Forum (NSDF) was to create an international platform that would deal with the issues of the North-Eastern part of the Arctic, since the largest international platforms are mainly located in the West, and in the East there is none, not only Russia, but even in the world. The main idea is to unite Asia and the Arctic due to the great interest of Asian countries in the Arctic and the North. The second idea was to draw attention to the international organization of the northern regions “The Northern Forum” for further prosperity and development of the organization. Therefore, the event is called the Northern Sustainable Development Forum. The third global idea is the implementation of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the UN, which were approved in 2015 by the UN General Assembly in the “The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals – this is a sufficient amount that you need to think about, since these are different issues. To summarize, these are three main directions – economy, ecology and population, which the people of the Arctic need to think about.
         Northern Sustainable Development Forum in Yakutsk will become a platform for developing concrete measures to solve global problems related to the development of the North and the Arctic. Northern Sustainable Development Forum will be held annually in Yakutia. There are proposals to hold a separate session of NSDF in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and in Hokkaido (Japan).

Organizers

Key organizers

  • Northern Forum international organization of the northern regions
  • Government of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
  • North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

Co-organizers

From Sakha Republic (Yakutia):

1. Autonomous non-profit organization “University of the Arctic in Russia”

2. Ministry of Foreign Relations and Peoples Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

3. Directorate of the international projects

4. Departments of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov:

– International Office of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

– Department of International Studies, Institute of Modern Languages and Regional Studies of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

– Department of UNESCO of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

– Department of Northern Studies of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

– Scientific and Research Institute of Regional Economics of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

– Medical Institute of North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

5. Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

6. Arctic Science and Research Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

7. Institute of Humanities and Indigenous Peoples of the North SD RAS

8. Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts

9. Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy

10. Association of Russian Social Geographers (Yakutsk Regional Branch)

11. Arctic College of Northern Peoples

12. Philharmonic of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

13. Institute of Permafrost Studies SD RAS

14. Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

15. Ministry of Culture and Spiritual Development of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

16. Ministry of Environment, Nature and Forest Management of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

17. Ministry of Agriculture of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

From other regions of the Russian Federation

1. Arctic Development Project Office (Moscow)

2. Russian International Affairs Council (Moscow)

3. Saint-Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg)

4. Surgut State Pedagogical University

5. Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk)

6. Task force doing research with the Russian Foundation for Basic Research gran “Transformation of economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic zone in the conditions of globalization”

International organizations

1. International Arctic Scientific Committee (IASC)

2. University of the Arctic

3. Institute of Circumpolar Reindeer Herding of the University of the Arctic

4. International Center for Reindeer Herding, Association of Reindeer Herders of the World

5. International Freezing Association Education Committee

6. Association of Mayors of World Winter Cities (Sapporo, Japan)

Foreign institutes

1. The Ocean University of China (Qingdao, PRC)

2. Korea Maritime Institute (Busan, Republic of Korea)

3. Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan)

4. Arctic Research Center of Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan)

5. RJE3 Program Central Office (Hokkaido University, Japan)

6. Hokkaido Intellect Tank Association (Sapporo, Japan)

7. Training Platform for Japan-Russia Economic Cooperation and Humanitarian Exchanges (HaRP) (Japan, Hokkaido University)

8. Northern University of Norway (Bodo, Norway)

9. University of Alaska Fairbanks (USA)

10. Linking Tourism & Conservation (Norway)

General information

Total number of participants of NSDF – 694 people

Total number of guests: 111

Number of foreign guests: 51

Number of guests from other regions of the Russian Federation: 60

Number of countries: 14 countries, including circumpolar countries (Iceland, Canada, USA, Finland, Norway, Russia) and countries of North-Eastern Asia (China, South Korea and Japan), also from Germany, France, Great Britain, Lithuania, Switzerland.

Number of activities carried out: 41 units

Number of declared events: 41

The number of declared events held: 39

Number of failed declared actions: 2

Number of additional events organized during NSDF (lectures by A.K. Krivorotov and Lassi Heininen): 2 units

Number of discussion platforms (conferences, roundtables, seminars, panel discussions, projects presentations, sessions, lectures): 31

Number of logistics organization flights (meeting and seeing off guests) – 54 flights.

NSDF participants represented the following organizations at the forum:

I. Embassies and Consulates General of foreign countries in the Russian Federation:

1. Embassy of Iceland

2. Embassy of Norway

3. Embassy of Canada

4. Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Khabarovsk

II. Authorities:

1. Federation Council (Magadansky Oblast)

2. Department for work with small-numbered indigenous peoples of the North of the Agency of domestic policy of Kamchatsky Krai (Kamchatsky Krai)

3. Committee of Natural Resources and Ecology of Chukotsky Autonomous Okrug

4. Department for International Cooperation and the Arctic of the Office of the Governor and the Government of the Chukotsky Autonomous Okrug

5. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food of the Department of Agriculture and Food of the Chukotsky Autonomous Okrug

III. Academic institutions and universities:

1. Ural State University (Ekaterinburg)

2. Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University named after Peter the Great (Saint Petersburg)

3. Khabarovsk State University of Economics and Law (Khabarovsk)

4. The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Moscow)

5. Surgut State Pedagogical University (Surgut, KhMAO)

6. Arctic Research Center (YaNAO)

7. Chelyabinsk State University (Chelyabinsk)

8. Saint-Petersburg State Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Saint Petersburg)

9. Khibiny teaching and research station, Faculty of Geography of Lomonosov Moscow State University (Murmansk)

10. Department of Integrated Arctic Studies of the Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk)

11. Tyumen State University (Tyumen)

12. Institute of Geography of RAS (Moscow)

13. Institute of Economics and Organization of Industrial Production of the SD RAS (Novosibirsk)

14. Saint – Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg)

15. Faculty of Economics of Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow)

16. Saint – Petersburg State Maritime Technical University (Saint Petersburg)

17. Arctic Permafrost Research Center of Norilsk State Industrial Institute (Norilsk, Krasnoyarsky Krai)

18. Ural State Architectural and Artistic University (Ekaterinburg, Sverdlovsky Oblast)

19. Far Eastern Federal University (Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai)

20. Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (Saint Petersburg)

21. Department of Building Materials and Construction Technology of the Civil Engineering Institute of the Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai)

22. Department of national history of the Tyumen State University (Tyumen, Tyumensky Oblast)

23. Northern Arctic Federal University (Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelsky Oblast)

24. Institute of Architecture and Design of the Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsky Krai)

25. The Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FCIARctic) named after N.P. Laverov of RAS (Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelsky Oblast)

26. Division of Canada Institute of USA and Canada of RAS (Moscow)

27. Department of Geography, Laval University (Quebec, Canada)

University of Northern British Columbia (Prince George, Canada)

28. The Ocean University of China (Qingdao, PRC)

29. School of International Affairs and Public Administration, The Ocean University of China (Qingdao, PRC)

30. Shanghai Institute of International Studies (Shanghai, China)

31. Institute of Sino-European Cultural Exchange, South China Commercial Institute at Guangdong University of Foreign Languages and International Trade (Guangzhou, China)

32. Renmin University of China (Beijing, China)

33. Nord University Business School (Bodo, Norway)

34. The Centre for Peace Studies – The Arctic University of Norway (Tromso, Norway)

35. University of Lapland Arctic Centre (Rovaniemi, Finland)

36. Department of Peace and Conflict Transformation of the Arctic University of Norway (Tromso, Norway)

37. The Korea Maritime Institute Polar Policy Research Center (Busan, Republic of Korea)

38. Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI) (Seoul, Republic of Korea)

39. Department of Ports and Logistics, The Korea Maritime Institute (Busan, Republic of Korea)

40. Incheon National University (Incheon, Republic of Korea)

41. Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (Seoul, Republic of Korea)

42. Department of Law in the Arctic, the Arctic center, the University of Lapland (Rovaniemi, Finland)

43. University of California, Irvine (CA, USA)

44. University of Helsinki (Finland)

45. University of Lapland (Rovaniemi, Finland)

46. Hokkaido University Graduate School of Environmental Science (Sapporo, Japan)

47. Arctic Research Center of Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan)

48. Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan)

49. Training Platform for Japan-Russia Educational programs of Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan)

50. Department of public administration of the Kuban State University (Krasnodar, Krasnodarsky Krai)

51. The University of Alaska Fairbanks (Fairbanks, USA)

IV. Organizations:

1. Arctic Development Project Office (Moscow)

2. Russian International Affairs Council (Moscow)

3. World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (Moscow)

4. European Regional Science Association (ERSA) (Moscow)

5. Socio-Economic Section of the Expert Council on the Arctic and Antarctic under the Chairman of the FC of the FA of the Russian Federation (Moscow)

6. ANO “Institute of regional consulting” (Moscow)

7. Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS) in Russia (Murmansk, Murmansky Oblast)

8. The International Science Initiative in the Russian Arctic (Murmansk, Murmansky Oblast)

9. Michael Succow Foundation (Germany)

10. Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) (Potsdam, Germany)

11. Quebec Council for Geopolitical Studies (Conseil québécois d ‘Études géopolitiques – CQEG)

12. Linking Tourism & Conservation (Arendal, Norway)

13. Association of Reindeer Herders of the World

14. International Cooperation Office of the Secretariat of the Association of North-East Asia Regional Governments (NEAR) (Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea)

15. International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (Kautokeino, Norway)

V. Companies:

1. “Garantia” LLC (Saint Petersburg)

2. Shtockman Development AG (Moscow)

3. Arctic Portal (Akureyri, Iceland)

4. Arteau & Kesserwan Law Office (Quebec, Canada)

VI. Magazines:

1. Magazine “Problems of regional ecology” (Moscow)

2. All-Russian Economics Journal “ECO” (Novosibirsk)

Report on the Translation Service of NSDF

Number of translators – 10 persons

Types of translation: written, sequential, synchronous, whispering.

The number of events with translation according to plan is 27 units.

The number of events with translation in fact is 25 units, due to the fact that 2 events were canceled (“Human resources are the basis for sustainable development of the Arctic”, “Sustainable balance between wildlife and local communities: regional and international cooperation”).

The number of additional events with translation is 3: lecture by Lassi Heininen, accompanying of the Ambassador of Iceland to the Russian Federation, translation for Bruno Nordeste (Embassy of Canada in the Russian Federation).

The number of ceremonial events with translation is 2 units: Reception hosted by the Head of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) in Kruzhalo Gallery and the Gala Show “Lights Over the Arctic” in the Triumph Sports Center.

Written translation during the preparation of the forum; on request during the forum: meeting materials for moderators, speech of the Head of the RS (Y) Nikolaev A.S. in Triumph SC for a running line (English, Chinese). Regular translation for the media.

Gala Show “Lights Over the Arctic” in the Triumph Sports Center

Organizers – 50 people

Extras and orchestra with choir – 1232 people

The following organizations participated in the organization of the “Lights Over the Arctic”: Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts, Yakutsk College of Culture and Arts, Yakutsk Choreographic College named after Axenia and Natalia Poselskiy, Olonkho Theatre, Sakha Academic Theatre named after P.A. Oyunskiy, Philarmonia of the Sakha Republic, State Opera and Ballet Theater named after D.K. Sivtsev-Suorun Omollon,  House of Friendship of Peoples named after A.E. Kulakovskiy, folk ensembles, children’s collectives, associations of small-numbered indigenous peoples of the North, etc.

List of NSDF sessions

1. Educational Seminar International Business Experience for Specialists in the Field of Reindeer Husbandry and Fishery

2. Cold Lands Seminar

3. Panel Discussion Russia-Korea Cooperation in the Arctic

4. Panel Discussion Network Cooperation in the University of the Arctic

5. Roundtable Discussion Carbon Budget of Ecosystems, Cities and Villages on Permafrost (COPERA)

6. Roundtable Discussion Sustainable Development of the Arctic Regions and Cities

7. 5th All-Russian Conference Sustainable North: Society, Economy, Ecology, Policy

8. Research and Practice Conference Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation: Problems, Priorities and Prospects of Development in the Transforming Society

9. Workshop Creative Industries in the Arctic

10. Roundtable Discussion International Projects Planning and Management  in Agriculture

11. Roundtable Discussion Significance and Contribution of Culture of Northern and Arctic Countries in the Sustainable Development of the Arctic Region. On the Arctic Vector of Culture and Art Development in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

12. Opening and plenary session of Northern Sustainable Development Forum

Session 1. Socio-economic Development of the Northern and the Arctic Regions

Session 2. Arctic and Asia: Opportunities for International Cooperation.

Session 3. Population in the Arctic: Social and Cultural Dimension.

Session 4. Environmental Issues and Climate Change in the Arctic.

13. Roundtable “Winter cities of the world: opportunities for cooperation”

14. Roundtable Discussion Indigenous and Local Governance under Industrial Development in the North”

15. Strategic session Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation 2035

16. 8th Meeting of the Russia-China Cooperation in the Arctic Working Group

17. Roundtable and Panel Discussion Ecotourism and Protected Areas

18. Roundtable Discussion Safe Investments in the Arctic Regions

19. Roundtable Discussion Human and Nature, Society and State in the North. Models fo rcooperation: tradition and modernization (17th-21stcentury)

20. Expert Session Northern Sea Route and Development of Entrepreneurship of the Indigenous Peoples of the North

21. Panel Discussion International Organization of Northern Regions The Northern Forum

22. Roundtable Discussion Economic Behavior of the Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic Zone

23. Roundtable Discussion Nordification of Construction

24. Roundtable Discussion Human Adaptation in the Arctic

25. Roundtable Discussion on Floods in the Arctic

26. Projects Presentation

27. Model of the Northern Forum: Youth Expert Platform

28. Presentation of the book of the Arctic Council project EALLU “Indigenous Youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture”

29. Discussion: RJE3 Russia-Japan Educational Program: Results of 2014-2019 and Future Development

30. Educational Lecture ‘How to Teach the Arctic?’ (Chimiris E.S., Program Manager, Russian International Affairs Council)

31. Lecture by Lassi Heininen, Professor, University of Lapland, Editor of the Arctic Yearbook. “Climate Change in the Arctic: Political and Economic Aspects”

32. Lecture by A.K. Krivorotov, Advisor to the Chief Executive Officer – Secretary of the Board of Directors, Shtockman Development AG (Moscow Office), Gazprom PJSC, Adviser to the Chairman. Topic: Arctic oil and gas production and regional policy in the Arctic

1. Educational Seminar International Business Experience for Specialists in the Field of Reindeer Husbandry and Fishery

September 23-24 2019 (Tuesday)

Venue: Tochka Kipeniya Co-working Center. 1, Lenin Avenue.

Co-organizers: Institute of Circumpolar Reindeer Herding of the University of the Arctic, Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), International Center for Reindeer Herding, Association of Reindeer Herders of the World, UNESCO Chair of the Northeastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov.

The purpose of the training and consulting seminar is a qualitative change in the professional competencies necessary for developing your own business in the field of reindeer husbandry and fishing. As a result, a participant must acquire basic knowledge on how to prepare a business concept, which is necessary for a qualitative change in competencies, a basic understanding of how to identify new potential business ideas in the field of reindeer husbandry and fishing, as well as a basic understanding of how to shape and orient identified ideas in the market. The main topics of the seminar: Reindeer husbandry and fisheries: the main characteristics of the industry, products of the field of reindeer husbandry and fishing in the market, how to sell reindeer husbandry and fishing products in the market.

Lecturers:

Bjorn Willy Åmo, Professor, Business School, University of Nord (Norway)

Kjell Stockwick, Executive Director, Far North Logistics Center (Norway)

Erland Bulvog, Dean of the University of Nord Business School (Norway)

Egor Makarov, Owner of the cultural and entertainment complex “Muus Haya”

Nikolay Gabyshev, Owner of the family restaurant of modern Yakut cuisine “RekaOzeroLes”

Results of the Educational Seminar International Business Experience for Specialists in the Field of Reindeer Husbandry and Fishery
         Educational Seminar International Business Experience for Specialists in the Field of Reindeer Husbandry and Fishery was held on September 23-24, 2019 at the site of the Tochka Kipeniya Co-working Center.
         The seminar is organized by the Institute of Circumpolar Reindeer Herding of the University of the Arctic (UArctic). Partners were the Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), International Center for Reindeer Herding, Association of Reindeer Herders of the World, UNESCO Chair of the Northeastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov, Arctic Science and Research Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), University of the Arctic, Northern University of Norway.
         The target audience was specialists in the traditional economy of indigenous peoples of the North and the Arctic, who receive secondary vocational and/or higher education, engaged in reindeer husbandry or fishing. A total of 27 participants from 13 raions with traditional indigenous peoples of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) participated in the seminar.
         Within two days, listeners from the Arctic and Northern regions of Yakutia and Chukotka were told about the development of business in the field of reindeer husbandry and fisheries and about the state of the market of these industries, in general. World-class foreign experts Bjorn Willy Åmo, Professor, Business School, University of Nord (Norway), Kjell Stockwick, Executive Director, Far North Logistics Center (Norway), Erland Bulvog, Dean of the University of Nord Business School (Norway) gave lectures.
         The participants of the seminar gained the knowledge and skills necessary for qualitative change of competences in the following areas:

• Basic understanding of how to identify new potential business ideas in reindeer husbandry and fisheries through creative processes;

• Basic understanding of how to shape and guide identified ideas in the market;

• Basic knowledge of how to prepare a business concept;

• Demonstrate the ability to participate in creative processes in the development of business ideas;

• Be able to reflect on strengths and weaknesses of business ideas;

• Be able to create a basic description of the business concept and sales plan

The main themes of the seminar were:

• Reindeer husbandry and fishing: main characteristics of the industry

• Reindeer husbandry and fishing products on the market

• How to sell reindeer and fishing products on the market

On behalf of the Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), the participants of the seminar were welcomed by Deputy Minister Mikhail Pogodaev and noted that today in Yakutia business activity in the fields of reindeer husbandry and fisheries is not sufficiently developed. He also noted that such courses should be held in order for local specialists to recognize, learn from best practices that exist in the world and apply their approaches on the ground. This course can help to develop these industries in the Republic not only as a basis for the preservation of the small-numbered indigenous peoples of the North, but also as an economic basis for the development of these peoples.
         The main lecturer of the seminar Bjorn Willy Amo noted that it is necessary to exchange experience. Norway pays very much attention to new technologies, and above all the interests of the client are placed. He also noted that Yakutia should learn how to preserve nature, because in Norway, it becomes a very important moment. With regard to Norwegian experience in entrepreneurship, Norway could share its experience with Russia, particularly Yakutia.
         As examples of successful business projects in Sakha Republic (Yakutia)  experiment of a cultural entertainment complex of “Muus Haya” (Egor Makarov, the Owner) and the family restaurant of modern Yakut cuisine “RekaOzeroLes” (Nikolay Gabyshev, the Owner) is shown.
         The participants of the seminar participated in the presentation of a book on artisanal cuisine of the peoples of the North, which was published with the assistance of the Arctic Council – EALLU project. Presentation of the book and tasting of dishes took place in the CEC “Muus Haya.”
         By the end of the seminar the participants presented their active businesses and projects. All participants noted that they had gained a basic understanding of how to identify new potential business ideas in reindeer husbandry and fisheries through creative processes, how to prepare a business concept, and how to understand the strengths and weaknesses of business ideas.
         As a result of the seminar, Certificates of Participation in the Educational Seminar of the Northern University of Norway and M.K. Ammosov NEFU were issued.

2. COLD LANDS Seminar

September 23-27, 2019

Venue: Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Assembly Hall. 33, Lenin Avenue.

Co-organizers: Department of Northern Studies of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov; Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic (Yakutia); Training Platform for Japan-Russia Economic Cooperation and Humanitarian Exchanges (HaRP) (Japan, Hokkaido University).

Moderator: Prisyazhny Mikhail Yurevich, Member of the Board of the University of the Arctic, Head of the Department of Northern Studies of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov.

Results of the Cold Lands seminar

The international interdisciplinary seminar COLD LANDS, attended by the leading Russian and international experts on the Arctic and the North, has been held by Department of Northern Studies at NEFU since 2008. Total over 20 sessions of the seminar were held, attended by the leading researchers from research centers and universities in Russia, Canada, Finland, Norway, the USA and other countries. A special session of the COLD LANDS Seminar within the Northern Sustainable Development Forum is held together with the Human Resource Development Platform for Japan-Russia Economic Cooperation and Personnel Exchange (HaRP) (Japan, Hokkaido University).

Format: lectures, roundtables, methodological seminars, facilitating the organization of dialogue, intensification of scientific research in the field of Arctic research, exchange of useful information on training, humanitarian relations and economic cooperation between the countries of the world in various spheres.

A total of 8 events were held:

1. Specialized Section 1: Connectivity, communication infrastructure and regional development of the North (29 participants)

2. Specialized Section 2 “Socio-economic development of the Arctic and the North” (64 participants)

3. Specialized Section 3 Environmental Monitoring (37 participants)

4. Specialized Section 4 Humanities (45 participants)

5. Roundtable Discussion Carbon Budget of Ecosystems, Cities and Villages on Permafrost (COPERA Project) (52 participants)

6. Roundtable “Winter cities of the world: opportunities for cooperation” (95 people participated)

7. Roundtable Discussion International Projects Planning and Management  in Agriculture (15 participants)

8. Roundtable RJE3 Russia-Japan Educational Program: Results of 2014-2019 and Future Development (27 people took part).

Hokkaido University gave the following lectures:

Natsuhiko Otsuko (Skype). Prospects for the development of the transport system of Yakutia and river-sea navigation.

Juha Saunavaara. Needs and problems of transport and communication infrastructure of regions of the North.

Shinichiro Tabata. Research on the Russian economy, including the Russian Arctic.

Juha Saunavaara. Hokkaido ‘s cooperation with Russian regions, with a focus on the Far East and Siberia.

Haruka Komiyama. Interaction of education, science and business in regional development.

Kendzhi Yoshikava. The International Programme for the Studying Permafrost “School permafrost meter”

Avtar Ram. Multi-sensor remote sensing techniques for environmental monitoring.

Masanori Goto. Restructuring of binary opposition in Sakha livestock.

Jeffrey Gayman. Challenges and successes in working with local indigenous peoples in the school curriculum for Hokkaido University on Education for Sustainable Development.

Tyler Eskelson. Education for sustainable development: framework and methodology.

Tatyana Tsagelnik. The impact of discourse on cultural sustainability: the representation of the Ainu people and culture in Japan.

Ashley Dollin. Study of indigenous peoples’ representation through the media.
         During the seminars, the participants exchanged experiences and discussed issues related to the sustainable development of the Arctic and the North. The guests of the forum actively participated in the seminar, answered questions of the audience and exchanged contact data for further cooperation.
         An oral proposal was made to host the next Northern Sustainable Development Forum in Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. There is the prospect of Hokkaido returning to the Northern Forum.

3. Panel Discussion Russia-Korea Cooperation in the Arctic

September 24, 2019

Venue: Public Center, Assembly Hall. 24, Kurashov st., Floor 6

Co-organizers: The Korea Maritime Institute, Republic of Korea

Moderator: Kim Jong-Deog, Senior Research Fellow, The Korea Maritime Institute

For the Republic of Korea, economic aspects are important in the Arctic region. In the short and medium term, economic opportunities are expected to arise in the field of resource extraction, transport routes and marine industrial development in the Arctic. Moreover, there is an opinion that the Arctic can become a new stable source of resources for the Republic of Korea, which is a major importer of resources in the world. In this regard, certain prospects appear for mutually beneficial cooperation between Russia and the Republic of Korea on using all the opportunities of the Northern Sea Route. The bilateral dialogue between the countries to uchesup on the issues of joint work on creating ice-class vessels and research cooperation in the Arctic.
Participants:
1. Kim Jong Deog, Director General of Industry Intelligence&Strategy Research Division, Korea Maritime Institute, Busan, Republic of Korea. Report: Socially-environmentally responsible economically sustainable politically predictable Arctic Technology

2. Kim Minsu, Head of Polar Research Center Korea Maritime Institute. Report: Korean Arctic policy and Korea-Russia Arctic cooperation

3. Kim Su Am, Pukyong National University, Pusan, Republic of Korea. Report: Scientific achievements by Korean scientists in Arctic and suggestions for future collaboration between Korea and Russia

4. Su Beom Choi. Research Institute of logistics and management in North-eastern Asia, Incheon National University, Incheon, Republic of Korea. Report: Korea – Russia Cooperation for the Revitalization of Resource Transport Routes linking to NSR And Inland Waterway

5. Yang Sok Choi, Korea Maritime Institute, Busan, Republic of Korea. Report: Korean approaches to Arctic shipping and the Way forward.

6. Kryukov V. A., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Corresponding Member, RAS, Director, Insitute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Senior Researcher, Resource Economics Center, Editor-in-Chief, ECO All-Russian Economic Journal, spoke about spatial development and resource economics in the Arctic.

7. Kugaevsky A. A., Candidate of Economics, Vice-Rector for Analytical and Scientific Work of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. Report: “Transport system of Yakutia»

Additional speeches and statements:

8. Pogodaev M. A.,  Deputy Minister for Arctic Development and Northern Peoples Affairs of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) spoke about the Ministry for Arctic Development and Northern Peoples Affairs of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and about indigenous peoples.

9. Krivorotov A. K., Advisor to the Chief Executive Officer – Secretary of the Board of Directors, Shtockman Development AG (Moscow Office), Gazprom PJSC, Adviser to the Chairman. Topic: Arctic oil and gas production and regional policy in the Arctic, spoke about cooperation in the field of oil and gas and prospects for investment and supply of equipment from South Korea.

10. Kharlampieva N.K. Associate Professor, Senior researcher, Saint Petersburg State University/Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. It is noted that the decision to sign the agreement between the Korean Maritime Institute and NEFU was taken prematurely.

On the same day, September 24, 2019, at 17:00, an agreement on cooperation between the Korean Maritime Institute and North-Eastern Federal University was signed.
         According to the results of the panel discussion, there is a proposal to sign a cooperation agreement between the Korean Maritime Institute and the Northern Forum in the near future, they also think about joining the status of business partners of the Northern Forum.

4.       Panel Discussion Network Cooperation in the University of the Arctic

September 24 2019

Venue: Public Center, Assembly Hall. 24, Kurashov st., Floor 6

Co-organizers: Department of international relations of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov

Moderator: Florian Stammler, Professor, University of Lapland (Rovaniemi, Finland)

Results of the Panel Discussion Network Cooperation in the University of the Arctic in the framework of Northern Sustainable Development Forum

In the framework of the Panel Discussion Network Cooperation in the University of the Arctic the following issues were discussed:

1) Strengthening the work of the thematic networks of the University of the Arctic through fundraising and other mechanisms;

2) Forms and mechanisms of cooperation in the framework of networking;

3) the role and importance of the University of the Arctic in international cooperation in the North and in the Arctic;

4) Issues related to the organization of academic mobility.

The discussion was moderated by Florian Stammler, research Professor at the University of Lapland, social anthropologist, one of the leading scientists cooperating with NEFU and Yakut scientists, including in the framework of the NEFU research project with the Scott Polar Research Institute at Cambridge University “Peoples of the North-East of the Russian Federation: choosing a new adaptive strategy in the context of globalization (the view of Yakut and British researchers)”. President of the University of the Arctic Lars Kullerud could not come and moderate the session due to illness.
         In the panel discussion participated: Chugunurov V. V. – head of Department – Vice-rector for international cooperation of NEFU, Zaika Y. V., Researcher and international collaborations coordinator,Khibiny Research and Educational Station of the Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University; Secretary of ISIRA Group (Advisory Group of IASC); Chair of APECS Russia National Committee; Svein Matiesen, Professor, Sami University of Applied Sciences; Professor, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University; Head, UArctic Institute of Circumpolar Reindeer Husbandry (Norway), visiting Professor of the International Department of UNESCO NEFU; Lassi Heininen-Professor of Arctic policy at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Lapland (Finland); Vorotnikov A.M., Assistant to the Member of the Council of Federation of the Russian State Assembly; Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Adminisration; Coordinator, Arctic Development Project Office, Candidate of Chemistry, Doctor of Economics; Kenji Yoshikawa, Research Professor at the University of Alaska Fairbanks (USA).
         In addition, there were speeches from the audience: Fedorova K.I., head of the Department of English Philology (IMLRS NEFU), Ivanova A. A., associate professor of the Faculty of Law of the NEFU; Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, Professor of Peace and Conflict Transformation of the Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø about his experience of participation in grants of national and international funds and programs, the need to strengthen the activities of thematic networks, the nuances of interaction with authorities, companies, etc. It was stressed that the University of the Arctic is a project – “daughter” of the Arctic Council and has certainly great weight as a large consortium of leading scientific and educational organizations from the Arctic countries.  
         The event ended with the signing of the following agreements:

1) Signing of the agreement between the North-Eastern Federal University.  named after M. K. Ammosov and the Arctic Development Project Office;

2) Signing of the agreement between the North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov and the Korean Maritime Institute;

3) Signing of the agreement between the North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov and the University of Lapland.

5.       Roundtable Discussion Carbon Budget of Ecosystems, Cities and Villages on Permafrost (COPERA Project)

September 24, 2019

Venue:  Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Main Academic Building (GUK). 42, Kulakovsky st., Room 237

Co-organizers: Arctic Research Center of Hokkaido University (Japan), Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University; University of Alaska Fairbanks (USA); International Freezing Association Education Committee.

The roundtable discussion is held to summarize the results of the research project and develop effective measure stop romote the idea of protecting permafrost a swell as using the project’s results in the environ mental education of the northern and Arctic regions. In the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), the largest cold region of Russia and the world, the law on the environ mental education was adopted in 2005; the Strategy of continuous environmental education in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) until 2020 is in place. The State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) is developing the republic’s Environmental Code. The discussion of the Environmental Code and the development of environmental education will framework the results of COPERA project and discuss the proposals of environmental education projects for the world’s northern regions.

Results of the Roundtable Discussion Carbon Budget of Ecosystems, Cities and Villages on Permafrost

         The round table was attended by heads of public authorities of the Northern and Arctic regions, resource-supplying organizations, specialists of environmental education and education, leading researchers.
         Participants noted the importance of the results of the project “Carbon Budget of ecosystems, cities and villages on permafrost of the Eastern Arctic of Russia” (COPERA) to obtain new knowledge about the role of permafrost in the global balance of carbon dioxide, the processes of absorption of carbon dioxide by biota, its emissions as a result of economic activity on the example of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).
         The participants consider it necessary to further improve the environmental legislation of the Russian Federation and Sakha Republic (Yakutia), implementation of the Strategy of development of continuous ecological education in Sakha Republic (Yakutia) for the period until 2020, attracting the attention of society to problems of protection of permafrost-based environmental education and awareness in lean consumer households and the introduction of incentives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in companies.

The participants of the round table recommend:

1.       Institutions of education: to develop and implement a program of energy saving and frugal consumption.

2.       Ministry of education and science of Sakha Republic (Yakutia):

2.1 jointly with the Agency of energy saving of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) to promote the development and implementation of the program of energy saving and careful consumption in educational and scientific institutions, as well as in all sectors of the budget sector;

2.2 Initiate an update of the strategy for the development of continuous environmental education and education in Sakha Republic (Yakutia) for the period up to 2020.

3.       The working group of the “Education” direction of the Northern Forum Association:

3.1 Initiate the development and implementation of an educational project for the protection of permafrost and replication of the results of the COPERA project starting in 2020.

6. Roundtable Discussion Sustainable Development of the Arctic Regions and Cities

September 24, 2019

Venue: Academic and Laboratory Building (ULK), Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Academic Council Hall. 58, Belinsky st.

Co-organizers: Arctic Development Project Office, Moscow

Moderator: Alexander Mikhailovich Vorotnikov, expert of the Arctic Development Project Office, Associate Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration 

The roundtable discussed the criteria for assessing the sustainable development of the regions and cities of the Arctic based on the methodology developed by the experts of the Arctic Development Project Office. In 2018, its experts presented the rating of sustainable development of the Arctic territories of the Russian Federation “Polar Index. Regions”. The goal of the project is to maximize the implementation of the principle of sustainable development in the Russian Federation, in this case, using the example of the Arctic zone. The regions’ rating assesses the sustainability of the development of the entire Arctic zone of the Russian Federation at the macro-level. It also includes certain territories of the Arctic, for example, lands and islands in the Arctic Ocean. The main idea is that the rating takes into account the development of the economy and social sector and preservation of the environment. The index of sustainable development of the regions was calculated by several parameters, divided into three groups: socio-economic, environmental-economic, socio-ecological.

Presentations were made:

Vorotnikov A.M., expert of the Arctic Development Project Office, Associate Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration  “Sustainable Development of Arctic Territories. Financial and organizational arrangements»

Nikonorov S. M., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Deputy Head,  Nature Use Economics Dept, Faculty of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, expert of PORA “Polar index”

Olga Gritsan, Head of the Analytical Department Agency for the strategic development “CENTER”, “Features of the formation of a comfortable urban environment in the cities of the Far North”.

Maria Gunko, NRU Higher School of Economics “About the managed compression of the cities Northern cities»

7.       5th All-Russian Conference Sustainable North: Society, Economy, Ecology, Policy

September 24-26, 2019

Venues:  Academic and Laboratory Building (ULK), Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Academic Council Hall. 58, Belinsky st. Arctic innovation center of the North-Eastern Federal University. M. K. Ammosova, Kulakovsky st., 42, lr. 302; Ministry of labour and social development of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), 6/1 Petr Alekseev st.; Building of technical faculties of the North-Eastern Federal University. M. K. Ammosov, Kulakovsky st., 50, lr. 234; Building of faculties of natural Sciences of the North-Eastern Federal University. M. K. Ammosova, St. Kulakovsky, 48, lr. 431; the Main academic building of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov, Kulakovsky st., 42, lr. 237.

Results of the 5th All-Russian Conference Sustainable North: Society, Economy, Ecology, Policy

On September 24-26, 2019, the 5th All-Russian Conference Sustainable North: Society, Economy, Ecology, Policy was held in Yakutsk. In 2019, the conference was held as part of the activities of the Northern Sustainable Development Forum.
         The goal of the conference is searching for solutions to secure sustainable development of the Russian North-East, including the efficiency of the implementation of the national program “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation”. The conference will showcase and test the outcomes of fundamental and applied research aimed to improve the sustainability of the socio-economic development of the Russian North-East; it will discuss the mechanisms for securing the competitiveness of the regions, country, quality of life, economic growth and national sovereignty.
         Among the participants of the conference were experts from Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Magadan, etc. The conference was attended by more than 300 people, including 87 people made presentations. Scientists, postgraduates, representatives of state and local governments, enterprises of the real sector of the economy, mass media took an active part in the round tables and sections on the balanced socio-economic development of the North in the conditions of digital transformation.
         The conference discussions were organized in the following sections:

1. State regulation and economy of subsoil use, ecology and climatic features of the Russian North.

2. Demographic and labor potential of The Russian North.

3. Transport and logistics system: efficiency and digitalization.

4. Economy and technologies of diamond complex of Russia.

5. Extreme agricultural economy.

6. Socio-economic development of the Northern territories in the digital transformation of the economy.

         According to V. A. Kryukov, doctor of Economics (Director of The Institute of Economics and organization of industrial production SD RAS, corresponding member of RAS), the following significant negative effects can be noted in the economy of the Arctic of Russia over the past 25-30 years:

– sharp weakening of economic relations with more southern regions of the country;

– destruction of many cooperation intra-branch communications;

– concentration of economic activity around the large mineral and raw projects implemented by the large companies;

– primary development of small and medium business in borders and a framework of the public (state financed) sector of providing social services;

– loss of skills and forms of regulation of traditional economic activity on the basis of traditional knowledge and abilities.

As a result, there is a de facto departure from the desire for integrated development and the implementation of socio-economic projects for the long-term development of Arctic territories (report at the plenary session of the Northern Sustainable Development Forum).
         Among the proposals and decisions aimed at ensuring the sustainable development of the North of Russia, it is advisable to highlight as the main (systemic) provisions voiced in the plenary report of Krukov V. A.:

– It is necessary to develop an innovative-oriented environment ensuring the formation of companies of different types and sizes;

– Cooperation among all stakeholders, including the exchange of best practices and approaches (including through databases and data management systems), is essential for the development and development of the Arctic and for enhancing the sustainability of the region ‘s economy;

– In order to solve the problems of the Arctic, the critical condition is not just technological re-equipment of the extractive sector, but the creation of a new industrial paradigm for the dissemination of knowledge in order to stimulate the creation of new approaches, usually an alloy of global and local knowledge.

8. Research and Practice Conference Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation: Problems, Priorities and Prospects of Development in the Transforming Society

September 24, 2019

Venue: Institute of Humanities and Indigenous Peoples of the North SD RAS

Co-organizers: Institute of humanitarian studies and problems of small peoples of the North SB RAS

Conference resolution

         The all-Russian Research and Practice Conference Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation: Problems, Priorities and Prospects of Development in the Transforming Society is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Feodosy Semenovich Donskoy-academician of the Academy of the Northern Forum, a prominent Northern scientist, public figure, candidate of economics. The RPC was held within the framework of the Northern Forum,  Institute of Humanities and Indigenous Peoples of the North SD RAS.
         The conference brought together participants from Canada, Norway, Germany, Japan and the Northern regions of the Russian Federation. The conference was attended by leading scientists and specialists of the University of Northern British Columbia (Prince George, Canada), the Institute of transformational studies sustainability (Potsdam, Germany), Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan), Vilnius University, Institute of Circumpolar Reindeer Herding of University of the Arctic (Kautokeino, Norway), The Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FCIARctic) named after N.P. Laverov of RAS (Arkhangelsk), Kemerovo State University, Federation Council (Magadan), Arctic Murmansk State University, International Center for Reindeer Herding, Association of Reindeer Herders of the World (Tromsø, Norway), etc.
         After hearing the greetings and plenary reports of the Chairman of the SD RAS, corr. member Lebedev M. P., doctor of historical sciences, Professor Alekseev A. N., the Chairman of the Committee on Indigenous Peoples of the North  and Arctic Affairs of the State Assembly (Il Tyumen) of the RS(Y) Golomareva E. H., the Chairman of the Committee of the Legislative Assembly of the Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug on state structure, local self-government and public relations Yaungad E. H., folk writer of the RS(Y), President of the Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, candidate of sociological sciences Krivoshapkin A.V., commissioner for the rights of  Indigenous Peoples of the North  in the RS(Y) Ivanova L. S. and more than 60 reports and communications, the conference adopts this resolution
         Recognizing the important role:

– discussion of complex problems of the Arctic macro-region in the conditions of intensive industrial development, first of all, concerning the territories of residence and traditional economic activity of Indigenous Peoples of the North;

– identifying the priorities of the current state and prospects for the development of Northern society;

– guidelines for the study of spiritual, socio-cultural values and traditions of indigenous peoples of the Arctic and the North;

– implementation of a targeted policy in the field of protection of the rights of the Indigenous Peoples of the North  (in 2018. adoption of the “Law on responsible subsoil use”, introduction of sanctions in the administrative of the RS(Y) for non-compliance with the law on ethnological expertise; creation of the Assembly of deputies of the Indigenous Peoples of the North of the RS(Y));

– development of research traditions of Northern studies and understanding of the scientific heritage of Feodosy Semenovich Donskoy.

Expressing concern:

– strengthening of technogenic impact of mining industries on natural systems and development of traditional industries of the North and processes of vital activity of Indigenous Peoples of the North;

– insufficient funding of scientific research in the field of socio-economic, socio-political, spiritual development of indigenous peoples of the Arctic region;

– the weakening of intercultural dialogue, tolerance and cohesion between representatives of scientific structures and agencies dealing with the problems of the Arctic and the North;

– reducing the ideological role of scientific research in the education of patriotism through the study and recognition of the role of the founders of Northern studies, including the scientific heritage of Feodosy Semenovich Donskoy

Decides:

– to consolidate the scientific community for strengthening and further development of integrated research in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, including in Sakha Republic (Yakutia) as a basis for national security and implementation of strategic priorities of its development

Recommends:

Government of Sakha Republic (Yakutia):

– to provide all possible financial, information and Advisory support to scientific projects in the field of studying complex problems of the Arctic region, including expedition costs, publishing and educational costs;

– to monitor the ethnological expertise of effective (responsible) subsoil users and make it public and accessible to the public;

– according to the results of monitoring to make an annual rating of projects of subsoil users and to inform about it scientific, public structures;

– for the purpose of objective scientific research Indigenous Peoples of the North to introduce separate statistics in the regions on the main indicators of socio-economic, medical and demographic sphere, employment and unemployment.

Instructs the organizing Committee of the conference:

– to prepare for printing and publish the materials of the RPC as a separate collection of scientific articles with DOI in electronic form and to place on the websites Institute of Humanities and Indigenous Peoples of the North SD RAS (http://igi.ysn.ru), FRC YaSC SB SD RAS (prez.ysn.ru); NEFU (https://www.s-vfu.ru);

– publish information about RPC in the media and a periodic journal “North-East humanitarian Bulletin” (Yakutsk, Institute of Humanities and Indigenous Peoples of the North SD RAS)

9. Workshop Creative Industries in the Arctic

September 24, 2019

Venue: Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts, Chamber Hall. 4, Ordzhonikidze st.

Co-organizers: Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts

         A workshop on Arctic creative industries is being arranged by the Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts. The workshop is arranged through the larger project “Arctic Creative Industries” and is the only event of this format at the Northern Sustainable Development Forum. The project is based on the idea that education and cultural heritage are prerequisites for sustainable development and human well-being in the Arctic. The workshop is aimed at presenting the scope of the creative potential of the Arctic for the development of creative industries. The workshop will cover various areas of culture and arts of the Arctic — musical and theatrical art, folk art culture, painting and graphics, design and decorative and applied art. The workshop is organised as several simultaneous, independent studios which will engage Forum participants in the creative processes enabling them to learn and acquire basic creative skills. As an overall goal, the workshop strives to encourage interaction between all Forum participants for building an effective dialogue on local and international levels. It will be interesting for all Forum participants regardless of their professional background.

Program

– fair – sale of works by students and teachers (foyer in front of the Chamber hall)

– Expositions of the works of artists, designers, jewelers, bone carvers; master classes in northern dancing, playing folk instruments, horsehair weaving, national sports, an interactive exhibition of  IT portals; exhibition of musical instruments, books

– Plenary part (Chamber hall)

Ivanov S. S. Opening of the workshop. Introduction “Participation of the Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts in the creation of a cluster of creative industries in Sakha Republic (Yakutia)”

Petrova A. G. and Shaposhnikova T. E., ASICA. Report: “Fine arts and art design practices of the Arctic Institute»

Alekseeva I. D. Competence Center for the urban environment of Yakutia. Report: “Activities of the Competence Center at the Department of Architecture and urban development of the RS(Y)”

Mishchenko M. P. National Art Museum. Report: “Living thread: folklore images in The Russian Estuary»

Savvin, A. A. Corporation of development of Yakutia

Starostina A., Gen. Director of Sibeam. “Summer school of jewelry design»

YaSAA. Food culture of the Arctic peoples

Fedorov E.P., candidate of pedagogical sciences, ChSIPhCS. Report: “Active and healthy longevity in the Arctic»

Recommendations of the Workshop Creative Industries in the Arctic, held within the framework of the Northern sustainable development forum
         The main idea of the project site was to understand that education and cultural heritage are a fundamental requirement for sustainable development and human well-being in the Arctic. Active interaction and effective dialogue of the participants took place at the site thanks to the format of the workshop in the form of creative platforms on decorative and applied arts and design, painting and graphics, theater, music and dance, performance on folk instruments. The workshop presented the creative potential of the Arctic region as a space of opportunities for the development of creative industries.
         In the theoretical part of the project site, the discussion of the features of creative industries in the Arctic, modern creative processes and promising directions for further development of creative industries took place.
         Following the discussion, the participants of the platform made the following recommendations:

1. To invite the international organization of the Northern regions “Northern Forum” to start the implementation of the international project “culture and art of the Arctic” within the framework of its main activities.

2. Determine the coordinator of the project “culture and art of the Arctic” Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Arctic state Institute of culture and arts” in the person of rector Ignatieva Sargylana Semyonovna.

3. The Arctic state Institute of culture and arts, together with the Northern Forum and stakeholders of the creative industries, to prepare the concept of the international project “culture and art of the Arctic” by December 01, 2019.

4. The press organ of the international project “Culture and Art of the Arctic” will determine the journal of the same name published by the Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts.

5. Participants of the site to make proposals to the Plan of main activities for the development of creative industries in the Arctic for 2020-2023 as a preparatory stage for the opening of the Arctic Center for Epic and Arts.

10. Roundtable Discussion International Projects Planning and Management in Agriculture

September 24, 2019

Venue:  Yakut State Agricultural Academy, Academic Council Hall. 3, Sergelyakhskoye Road, km 3

Co-organizers: Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy, Northern Studies Department of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Hokkaido Intellect Tank (Japan)

Recommendations on the results of the Roundtable Discussion International Projects Planning and Management  in Agriculture in the framework of Northern sustainable development forum

On September 24, 2019 in Yakutsk in the walls of the Yakut state agricultural Academy a round table “Planning and project management of international cooperation in agriculture” was held within the framework of Northern sustainable development forum.
         The round table was attended by representatives of the Ministry of education of the RS(Y), the Association “Hokkaido Intellect Tank” (Japan), teachers of various departments of Hokkaido University (Japan), a teacher of the University of Lapland (Finland), the administration and figures of education and science of the Yakutsk SAA.
         At the roundtable were: Fedorov S. S. – first Vice-rector of YaSAA, Mikhail Prisyazhny, First Deputy Minister of Education and Science of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Haruka Komiyama – the representative of the Association “Hokkaido Intellect Tank”, Belogurov A. N. Vice – rector for scientific work and innovations, YaSAA, Juha Saunavaara – Associate Professor at the Arctic research center of Hokkaido University (Japan) and others.
         The roundtable discussed interaction between educational and scientific organizations in the planning and management of international cooperation projects in agriculture. The organizers will offer regional and interregional experience in building cooperation in regions with special climatic conditions. 
         During the roundtable presentations of moderators and staff of the Academy were listened to. Topics on medicinal plants and wild plants of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) aroused the greatest interest among foreign participants, as well as the development and implementation of technologies for freeze-dried venison products with a long shelf life.
         The participants of the round table noted mutual interest in the presented projects:

1.       Breeding of cattle breeds of meat direction for the Northern territories of Russia;

2.       Creation of new potato varieties adapted to extreme climatic conditions;

3.       Biological reclamation and monitoring of disturbed industrial lands in the conditions of cryolithozone;

4.       Development of complex measures for harvesting and processing of wild plants;

5.       Creation of breeding and genetic center for protection and reproduction of Lena river sturgeon population for aquaculture purposes;

6.       Development and implementation of technology of freeze-dried venison products with a long shelf life.
         At the end of the round table participants adopted the following recommendations:

– to promote international research and academic educational projects of the Northern Forum regions;

– to transfer all materials on presentations of participants of a round table of the Japanese Association “Hokkaido Intellect Tank” for building of interaction with the Japanese organizations and the enterprises of real sector of economy;

– prepare booklets with a detailed description of medicinal plants of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and send them to the thematic networks of the University of the Arctic, dealing with similar topics;

– to organize interested business representatives in the international community to revitalize agriculture to ensure work in the Northern regions of the world.

11.     Roundtable Discussion Significance and Contribution of Culture of Northern and Arctic Countries in the Sustainable Development of the Arctic Region. On the Arctic Vector of Culture and Art Development in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

September 24, 2019

Venue: Sakha Theatre, Olonhko Hall, 1, Ordzhonikidze st., floor 2.

Co-organizers:  Ministry of Culture and Spiritual Development of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Ministry for Arctic Development and Northern Peoples Affairs of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Institute of Humanities and Indigenous Peoples of the North SD RAS

Moderator: Andrei Borisov, State Counselor of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Honored Artist of the Russian Federation

Recommendations of the roundtable
         The Roundtable was attended by the participants of Northern sustainable development forum, scientists, heads of cultural institutions of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), journalists, members of associations, politicians, representatives of the Ministry of culture and spiritual development of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), the Ministry of economy of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), the Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), the Ministry of Foreign Relations and Peoples Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).      After discussing the agenda of the round table, the forum participants made the following decisions:     

1.       At the international level: today the importance of the Arctic on the planet is growing–including the geo-economic role of the Arctic region, the environmental and defense importance of the vast territory of the Earth. In these changing conditions, the geoculture component of Arctic development is also increasing.

Solved:

– to actualize the study of the contribution of the culture of the North and the Arctic to the sustainable development of the Arctic region and offer to include in the discussion and implementation of this topic to all interested Arctic regions;

– to recognize the intangible heritage – epics of the peoples of the Arctic countries-as the fundamental basis for sustainable development of the culture of the Arctic region; 

– to submit to the Northern Forum on sustainable development a proposal for the work of the Arctic culture platform on a permanent basis within the framework of the annual NSD forums.

2.       At the regional level: a new time has come and brought to life a new paradigm of culture in the Republic of Sakha –Yakutia) – the Arctic vector in the development of culture and art of the Republic.Today, the cultural energy of the peoples of the Republic should be developed in the direction of the Northern vector, which expresses the essence of the spiritual aspirations of the peoples inhabiting the climatic zone of permafrost. The participation of many ethnic groups in the niche of Northern culture, based on the civilization of the East and West, confirms the cultural origin of geography in human life.

Solved:

– The Arctic state Institute of culture and arts to develop a scientific basis for the Arctic paradigm of cultural policy of Sakha Republic (Yakutia);

– The Ministry of culture and spiritual development of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) to take into account the Arctic paradigm of cultural policy of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) as an important component of state policy in this area.

3.       Practical implementation: a breakthrough project for the formation and promotion of a new Arctic paradigm in world culture is a large-scale project to create an Arctic center of epic and arts in the city of Yakutsk of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

Solved:

– to support the decision to build the Arctic epic and arts center in the city of Yakutsk of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and the conceptual architectural solution of the object based on national traditions;

– to propose to Northern sustainable development forum starting from 2023 to hold the Forum on the basis of the object “Arctic epic and arts center” in the city of Yakutsk of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

12.     Opening the forum and plenary session of Northern Sustainable Development Forum

September 25, 2019

Venue: Sergelyakh Lights Cultural Center. 58а, Belinsky st.

Moderator of the welcome part: K. E. Bychkov, Vice Premier of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

Come forward:

1. Greeting of the Vice Premier of the Russian Federation-Plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District Trutnev Y.P. (read out by Vice Premier of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Bychkov K. E.)

2. The Head of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Nikolaev A.S.

3. Greeting of the Ambassador on Special Assignments of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia N.V. Korchunov (read out the acting representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry in the city of Yakutsk Tatarinova N.V.)

4. Greetings to the participants of Northern Sustainable Development Forum were sent by the President of the Association of Polar Explorers, Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for International Cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic, A.N. Chilingarov, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Federative Organization, Regional Policy, Local Government and North Affairs, the Chairman of the Arctic and Antarctic Council under the Federation Council Akimov A.K., Prime Minister of Alberta (Canada) Mr. Jason Kenny and President of ALROSA Ivanov S.S.

5. Report of the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Iceland to the Russian Federation, Ms. Berglin Asgeirsdottir.

6. Report of the Advisor to the Embassy of the Kingdom of Norway in the Russian Federation, Ms. Solveig Russebo

7. Report of the Consul General of the People’s Republic of China in Khabarovsk, Mr. Tsui Godze.

8. Report of the President of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), State Advisor to Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Chairman of the Northern Forum international organization from 1998 to 2002 Nikolaev M.E.

Offerings of the Honorary Chairman of the Northern Forum M.E. Nikolaev in the resolution of the Northern Forum
1. Conduct an Arctic scientific forum for students and youth.
An approximate form of conducting:
Form of work: discussion of talented youth with leading scientists of the world.
Forum program: includes lectures by Nobel laureates, seminars and discussions, the implementation of express projects by international teams, a competition of research projects. Experts are the world’s largest scientists, Nobel Prize winners.
Tasks: Strengthening the international authority of the countries of the Arctic region by achieving leadership in the field of scientific and technical creativity of children and youth.
Results: Accelerated development of scientific and technical creative youth in all regions of the Arctic.
2. The Arctic is a capital-intensive, financially expensive, the Arctic is a fragile, environmentally not protected, at the same time the territory of the Arctic is a laboratory of climate formation, weather and other natural phenomena.
         Today, China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the ASEAN countries show great interest in Arctic issues. The International Bank for Arctic Development and Reconstruction should be established. Prepare the above proposals of Northern Forum to Arctic Council.

Session 1. “Socio-economic development of the Northern and Arctic Regions
Moderator: Minister of Economy of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Danilova M.A.
Acted:
1. Mikhailova E.I., President of the M.K. Ammosov NEFU, with the report “SEC for the development of the Arctic and Subarctic – ‘North’.”
2. Krukov V.A., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Corresponding Member, RAS, Director, Insitute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Senior Researcher, Resource Economics Center, Editor-in-Chief, ECO All-Russian Economic Journalб with the report “Stability of the Arctic economy in the basis of integration of development and training.”
3. Heininen Lassi, Professor, University of Lapland, Editor of the Arctic Yearbook, with the report “Sustainable Development in the Arctic: Expectations and Reality.”
4. Vorotnikov A.M., Assistant to the Member of the Council of Federation of the Russian State Assembly; Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Adminisration; Coordinator, Arctic Development Project Office, Candidate of Chemistry, Doctor of Economics, with the report “Main directions of EC PORA activities for the formation of sustainable development of ARRF.”

Session 2. Arctic and Asia: opportunities for international cooperation.
Moderator: Minister for External Relations and Affairs of the Peoples of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Kirillin G.V.
1. Voronenko A.L., candidate in economics, Deputy Director of the Research Center of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Asian-Pacific Region, Khabarovsk State University of Economics and Law. Report: “Cooperation between Russia and the countries of North-East Asia in the Arctic.”
2. Guo Peiqing, Professor, School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China. Report: “Russia and Asia States: Need Each Other in Arctic.”
3. Kim Jong-Deog, Director General of Industry Intelligence&Strategy Research Division, Korea Maritime Institute, Busan, Republic of Korea. Report: “Socio-Environmentally Responsible Economically Sustainable Politically Predictable Arctic Technology.”
4. Lasserre Frederic, Department of Geography, Laval University, Director of the Quebec Council of Geopolitical Studies. Report: “A short history of Arctic shipping: diverging paths of the NSR and NWP.”
5. Shinichiro Tabata, Professor at Hokkaido University, Japan. Report: “People and Community in the Arctic: Possibility of Sustainable Development.”

Session 3. Population in the Arctic: social and cultural dimension.
Moderator: Acting Executive Director of the Northern Forum Maximova D.D.
1. Golomareva E.H., the Chairman of the Committee of the State Assembly (Il Tumen) on Issues of Small-numbered Indigenous Peoples of the North and Arctic Affairs, with the report: “Legislative Provision of Issues of Small-numbered Indigenous Peoples in Sakha Republic (Yakutia).”
2. Fondall Gale, Professor, University of North British Columbia (Prince George, British Columbia). Report: “Canada’s New Arctic and Northern Politics: Addressing the Social and Cultural Challenges of Canada’s Northern Population.”
3. Sukneva S.A., Chief Researcher, Head of the Laboratory of Demography and Population of the Research Institute of Regional Economics of the North of NEFU. Report: “Fertility Trends: Challenges and Prospects.”
4. Haryuchi S.N., President of the Council of the Association of Reindeer Herders of the World

Session 4. Environmental issues and climate change in the Arctic.
Moderator:  First Deputy Minister for External Relations and Affairs of the Peoples of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Vasilyev V.N.

1. Aphanasiev S.M., Minister of Environment, Nature and Forest Management of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), with the report: “Environmental Protection in the Arctic Zone of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).”

2. Nikolayev A.N., Rector of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov with the report: “Training of ecologists and environmental users in NEFU”

3. Prokosch Peter, Founder and Chairman of the Board, Linking Tourism&Conservation, with the report: “How I See the Future of the Arctic.”

4. Kirchner Stefan, Associate Professor of Law, University of Lapland, Finland, with the report: “Sustainable development in the Context of Climate Change in the Arctic: Ecology and Human Rights.”

5. Knapp Hans-Dieter, PhD, Professor, Michael Succow Foundation, former Director of the International Academy for Wildlife Protection (Germany), with the report “Conservation problems in the changing world of the anthropocene.”
13. Roundtable “Winter cities of the world: opportunities for cooperation”

September 25, 2019

Venue: Educational and Laboratory Building of the North-Eastern Federal University, Hall of the Scientific Council. 58, Belinsky st.

Co-organizers: Association of Mayors of World Winter Cities (Sapporo, Japan), Department of North Studies, Northeast Federal University named after M.K. Ammosova (Russia), Hokkaido University (Japan), Association of Russian Social Geographers (Yakutsk Regional Branch)

Results of the roundtable:
            During the round table, issues of interaction between cities of different countries of the world will be discussed, including the organization of the Association’s Working Meeting in Norilsk in November 2019. The beginning of the Association of Mayors of World Winter Cities (World Winter Cities Association for Mayors) can be considered 1981, when the city of Sapporo (Japan) initiated the organization of the Conference of Northern Cities in order to create comfortable winter cities under the slogan “Winter is our wealth!”. The conference brought together cities with similar climatic conditions. Members of the Association directly discuss problems, exchange information that may be useful in city management. The results of the discussions are successfully applied in urban planning.

Carrying out time: 09:30-11:00

Moderators: Prisyazhny Mikhail Yurevich, Member of the Board of the University of the Arctic, Head of the Department of North Studies of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosova

Lomaeva Marina Viktorovna, Department of International Relations, Hokkaido University (Japan).

14. Roundtable Discussion Indigenous and Local Governance under Industrial Development in the North

September 25-26, 2019

Venue: Main Academic Building (GUK), Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. 42, Kulakovsky st., Room 237

Co-organizers: North Eastern Federal University (Russia), UiT The Arctic University of Norway (Tromsø, Norway), University of Northern British Columbia (Canada), University of Lapland (Finland), Vilnius University (Lithuania)

Resolution of the roundtable

– Statement of a situation: Considering that industrial development has led to significant changes in the territorial management of the traditional places of residence of SNIP, Siberia and the Far East; recognizing that free access to their lands is key to ensuring human security (“life without anxiety”) in the Arctic; emphasizing that free access to their lands for members of the SNIP, Siberia and the Far East is a key condition for the preservation of culture, identity and way of life; reaffirming that legislation has been developed and adopted at the federal and regional levels to create conditions for the existence of industry and the SNIP, Siberia and the Far East in the Russian Arctic; noting that Traditional Environment Management (TEMT) territories are a key instrument in regulating the regulatory framework between industry and indigenous land users;
– The participants of the round table noted that problems remained to date, including: Lack of timely information to small-numbered indigenous peoples on the planning and commencement of industrial activity in their territories; participation in public hearings of small-numbered indigenous peoples is often ineffective and formal; there is a lack of transparency in addressing public comments on industrial companies; there is no mechanism for the participation of local land users (local traditional knowledge) in the detailed planning of industrial projects; inadequate conditions for the development of traditional industries and the self-reliance of small-numbered indigenous peoples;
– The participants of the round table consider it necessary to solve the following tasks: introduction of the principle of free prior informed consent in the territory of SNIP, Siberia and Far East in all cases of industrial development, regardless of whether they affect the land of TEMT or not; develop a mechanism to use traditional ecosystem knowledge in the detailed planning of all industrial development projects; state authorities should recommend the study of foreign experience in the implementation of the ecosystem based management tool, taking into account the traditional knowledge of local communities; develop a mechanism for the transfer of TEMT of regional and local importance to the Federal; to create conditions for the participation of SNIP, Siberia and the Far East in the management of industrial territories and national parks located in areas inhabited by small-numbered indigenous peoples; creation of conditions for the development of traditional industries of production of SNIP, Siberia and the Far East in order to increase self-sufficiency and reduce dependence on state subsidies.


15. Strategic Session Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation 2035

September 25, 2019

Venue:  Government Building № 1. 11, Kirov st., Room 401

Co-organizers: Arctic Development Project Office, Moscow, Ministry for Arctic Development and Northern Peoples Affairs of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia),

Moderator: Vorotnikov Alexander Mikhailovich, expert of the Arctic Development Project Office,  Associate Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

            The project was developed by the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East and the Arctic and the Arctic Development Project Office. It is for the first time that the community, officials and experts are brought together to elaborate a state document – a common development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
            ‘The strategy of Arctic 2035’ was discussed in Yakutsk. Yakutia has many important projects, the implementation of which is necessary. This is primarily the creation of the scientific and educational center for the development of the Arctic and Subarctic “North,” as well as the project of Nicholai Alekseev, connected with the complete transformation of the Northern import system in Sakha Republic (Yakutia). In addition, it is necessary to create systemic national and federal legislation related to the traditional environmental management of northern peoples.

On September 25, 2019, a retreat of the discussion club of the Arctic Development Project Office (PORA) “Strategic Session – Arctic 2035” was held at the Government House in Yakutsk within the framework of the Northern Sustainable Development Forum.

            At the event, representatives of the administration of the region, as well as public organizations and business discussed the regional vision of the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and National Security until 2035, which is currently being developed by the Ministry of National Development of Russia. The strategic session continued a series of events that took place in Murmansk, Archangelsk, Petrozavodsk, and will take place in autumn in all regions of the AZRF, as well as in Saint Petersburg.

The participants of the session got acquainted with the interactive digital platform www.arctic2035.ru developed by PORA. With its help, any resident of Yakutia and all Russia can send their proposals for inclusion in the Arctic Development Strategy.

            “An important component of the strategy will be its regional part. The proposals of the regions should affect both the economy of the region and the economy of the whole country, “- explained the expert of the Arctic Development Project Office Alexander Vorotnikov, who moderated the strategic session.

“I very much hope that the event in Yakutsk will give a new impetus to the development of the Northern Forum. It seems very symbolic to me that one of the first tasks of the renewed structure of the Ministry of Economic Development was to complete the inclusion of 8 uluses of the Republic of Sakha in the AZRF. The President defined a number of goals of the strategy – improving the quality of life of people, accelerating the economic development of the territories, increasing the volume of freight transportation through the NSR. As the largest subject of the AZRF, Yakutia can make a decisive contribution to the achievement of these goals, “- said Alexander Krutikov, Deputy Minister, Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East and the Arctic, who took part in the event through a video conference call.

“During this year 4 public discussions of the draft strategy for the development of the republic up to 2030 have been held. The main directions will be the development of transport infrastructure, provision of high-speed Internet communication, construction of energy-efficient housing, development of alternative energy sources, industrial production on the principles of care for nature. The strategy is based on the basin principle – Arctic areas are divided into Anabarsky, Lensky, Jansky, Indigirsky, Kolymsky groups of uluses. Everyone has their own logistics. The definition of anchor projects allowed to establish more clearly inter-district ties”, – First Deputy Minister of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Sergey Neustroev shared his experience. He listed projects in mining, fish processing, construction and others, noting in particular that Zelenomysk River Port could become the leading transport hub of the Eastern Arctic.

The discussion was attended by the Rector of the NEFU Anatoly Nikolayev, Chairman of the Committee of the State Assembly of the Republic for SNIP Affairs Elena Golomareva, Executive Director of the Northern Forum Daryana Maximova, Heads of Arctic uluses, representatives of business.
            Also, within the framework of the Northern Sustainable Development Forum, cooperation agreements were concluded between the PORA and the Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), as well as between the PORA and the North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov.

Reference. Arctic Development Project Office (PORA) is a nationwide platform for communication between state, public and commercial organizations interested in the sustainable development of the Arctic. The expert center “PORA” was created to draw attention to social, economic and environmental aspects of human life in northern Russia. PORA is the basic platform of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic for the development of the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation until 2035. www.porarctic.ru

16. 8th Meeting of the Russia-China Cooperation in the Arctic Working Group

September 26, 2019

Venue: Public Center, Assembly Hall. 24, Kurashov st., Floor 6

Co-organizers: The Ocean University of China (Qingdao) and Saint-Petersburg State University

            The goal of the Russia-China Cooperation in the Arctic Working Group is to bring together the experts on the Arctic issues. The participants of the forum will re present different areas of China’s and Russia’s (Yakutia and Yamal) activity: researchers, government, public activists, businessmen. The Working Group will discuss the issues of potential cooperation between Russia and China on the development of the Arctic. The discussion of institutional cooperation and legal framework for future partnership will be of the great interest. The Qingdao Working Group plans to work until 2022.

Moderator of the welcoming part: Harlampieva N.K. Associate Professor, School of International Relations of Saint-Petersburg State University, Senior Researcher, The Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AANIA), member of the International Committee on Observations and Posts of the Arctic Reference Observation Network.


About the annual Russian-Chinese Round Table on Arctic topics.

Greetings: Kirillin G.V. Minister of Foreign Relations and Peoples Affairs of the RS(Y)

Song Wenhong, Director of International Office, The Ocean University of China (Qingdao, China)

Session 1. Russia and China: challenges and prospects for international economic cooperation in the Arctic.

Moderators:

Pilyasov A.N., Doctor of Economics, Director, Regional Consulting Institute

Guo Peiqing, Professor, School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China (Qingdao, China)

Acted:

Zhao Long, Associate Professor, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, Shanghai, China. Report: “China’s Economic Policy in Developing the Northern Sea Route: New Challenges”
Guo Peiqing, Professor, School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China (Qingdao, China). Report: “The role of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) in the transport network linking South Korea, North Korea, China, the Far East and the Arctic.”

Pilyasov A.N., Doctor of Economics, Director, Regional Consulting Institute. Report: “Russia ‘s Response to China ‘s One Belt One Way Initiative in the Arctic”

Belozerov S.A., Professor, Deputy Dean for Science, Faculty of Economics of Saint Petersburg State University; Sokolovskaya E.V., Leading Researcher, Asian Economic Research Laboratory, Saint Petersburg State University. Report: “China and Russia: Internationalization of Research in Economics”.

Zhang Tingting, Assistant Researcher, Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies at Renmin University of China. Report: “Exploring the ice-snow economy between China and Russia along the Silk Road on Ice.”

Galtseva N.V., Deputy Director of the North-Eastern Complex Research Institute named after N.A. Shilo, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Magadan. Report: “Prospects for Integration of Russia and China in the Study and Development of the Arctic and Near-Arctic Zone of North-East Russia”

Vorotnikov A.M., Assistant to the Member of the Council of Federation of the Russian State Assembly; Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Adminisration; Coordinator, Arctic Development Project Office, Candidate of Chemistry, Doctor of Economics. Report: “Prospects of China’s investment in AZRF. Directions and financing”.


Session 2. Russia and China: Arctic identification of the Far East.

Moderators: Pododin S.N.,    Professor, Head of International Relations Dept, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University named after Peter the Great

Zhao Long, Associate Professor, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, Shanghai, China

Acted:

Vasilieva N.A., Professor, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University named after Peter the Great. Report: “To the issue of Russia ‘s northern identity and China ‘s near-Arctic status”

Gadal Sébastien, professor at Aix-Marseille University, France. Report: Issues of the Arctic development in the Far East

Lagutina M.L., Associate Professor, Global Politics Dept, Saint Petersburg State University named after Peter the Great. Report: “The prospects for consolidated BRICS agenda in the Arctic”

Luo Ying, Director, Insiitute of China-Europe Cultural Exchange, South-Chises Commercial Institute of Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (Guangzhou, China). Report: “Influence of modern industrial civilization on the traditional way of life of indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic.”

Li Jingchen, Assistant Professor, International Relations Dept,  Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. Report: “China ‘s Role in Arctic International Cooperation.”

Harlampieva N.K., Associate Professor, Senior researcher, Saint Petersburg State University/Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, member of the International Committee on Observations and Posts of the Arctic Reference Observation Network. Report: “Russian-Chinese relations in the development of normative theory of international relations: on the example of studying polar regions – Arctic and Antarctic”.


17. Roundtable and Panel Discussion Ecotourism and Protected Areas

September 26, 2019

Venue: Public Center, Assembly Hall. 24, Kurashov st., Floor 6

Co-organizers: Linking Tourism & Conservation, Norway, Ministry of Environment, Nature and Forest Management of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

Moderators: Peter Prokosch, Founder and Chairman of the Board, Linking Tourism&Conservation

Nikolai Dodokhov, Deputy Minister of Environment, Nature and Forest Management of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

Results of the roundtable

            At the roundtable “Ecological Tourism and PA,” the moderators were Doctor of Biological Sciences, Chairman of the Norwegian Society “Linking Tourism & Conservation” Peter Prokosсh and Deputy Minister of Environment, Nature and Forest Management of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Dodohov N.V. The roundtable was attended by the head of the WWF program of Russia Vladimir Crever, Professor, Dr. Hans-Dieter Knapp from Germany, the Academic Secretary of the Russian Academy of Sciences of the Magadan Oblast Elena Khamenkova, Chairman of the Association of Ecologists of Yakutia, Honored Ecologist of Russia Lyubov Kipriyanova, Director of NP “Lensky Pillars” Arkadiy Semenov, as well as scientists and the public of the republic.

            The roundtable with the words of welcome was opened by Vladimir Vasilyev, Deputy Minister of External Relations and Affairs of the Peoples of the Republic of Saha (Yakutia).

            The main report “System of specially protected natural areas in Sakha Republic (Yakutia)” was delivered by the Minister of Ecology, Nature Management and Forestry of the RS(Y) Aphanasiev S.M.
            The participants also heard presentations by the following speakers of the Roundtable:

            Sergey Rybakov, General Director of the Foundation of Glory Fetisov presented a video message of the Foundation of Glory Fetisov.

            Dr Peter Prokosch gave a presentation on “How to link tourism and conservation?”.

            Director of NP “Lensky Pillars” Arkadiy Semenov told about plans to develop ecotourism in NP “Lensky Pillars.”

            Associate Professor of the Tyumen State University Olga Zakharova made a report “Sustainable Tourism in Arctic Territories.”

            Dr. Peter Prokosch spoke about the celebration of the 30th anniversary of German-Russian cooperation in the field of study and preservation of arctic birds.

Senior Researcher, Ural State University Natalia Malygina made a report “Initiative of Taimyr national park.”

            Professor, Dr. Hans-Dieter Knapp,    Michael Succow Foundation, Germany presented the Report on “Experience with national parks and world heritage sites.”

            The honored ecologist of the Russian Federation Lyubov Kipriyanova presented a report on “Ecotourism in the Cambrian Geopark.”

            Senior teacher of the NEFU named after M.K. Ammosov, Candidate of Biological Sciences Larisa Shelokhovskaya told about ecological tourism in Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

            The head of the Kachikatsky nasleg Irina Obolkina “Ecotourism at the monument of nature Buluus.”
            Deputy General Director of “Lenaturflot” LLC Darya Buzikova told about cruises on the river Lena as one of the types of ecological tourism.

            Russian WWF Program Manager Vladimir Crever presented a report on the topic “WWF Initiatives and Projects on Protected Areas in the Arctic.”

            The academic secretary of RAS from Magadansky Oblast Elena Khamenkova made a presentation on the topic “Expansion of the network of the PA of Magadansky Oblast as the basis for the development of ecotourism.”
            The presentations confirmed the need to improve measures of state regulation of ecological tourism, including improvement of the system of education and training of personnel, scientific justification of approaches and methods of management. The most significant problems requiring the formation of a set of measures include the development of public-private partnership, the education of social responsibility of business, tourists and local population.

            Taking into account the global trends in the development of ecotouristic business, the increasing role of ecotouristic flows in the development of ecological tourism in Russia, the participants of the round table noted the importance of this event and expressed readiness to cooperate in the organization of activities for the creation, development and preservation of specially protected natural areas in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.


18. Roundtable Discussion Safe Investments in the Arctic Regions

September 26, 2019

Venue: Ministry of Economy of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Assembly Hall. 28, Lenin Avenue, Floor 6

Co-organizers: Russian International Affairs Council, Moscow and the Department of International Studies of the Institute of Modern Languages and Regional Studies of the North-eastern Federal University (NEFU) named after M.K. Ammosov.

Moderator: Andrei Krivorotov, Advisor to the Chief Executive Officer – Secretary of the Board of Directors, Shtockman Development AG (Moscow Office), Advisor to the Chairman

Results of the roundtable

            The program manager of RIAC E.S. Chimiris in the opening speech told the participants of the round table about the activities of the Council on the project “International Cooperation in the Arctic,” implemented in cooperation with the NEFU and Northern Arctic Federal University (Archangelsk). The RIAC, inter alia, held two major international conferences and several thematic seminars in Moscow on selected political and legal problems of the Polar Region, as well as produced a number of publications, including three-volume chrestomy and educational and methodological materials on the Arctic, prepared by D.D. Maximova, Assistant Professor of the NEFU.
            The moderator, expert of the RIAC A.K. Krivorotov made a staged report on the topic of the round table (the presentation is attached). It was noted that at least two sides play an important role in the investment process: the investor itself and the authorities of the host country at the central, regional and local levels, hereinafter referred to as the “Government.” For the investor, the attractiveness of the project is determined primarily by the ratio of expected profitability to the level of associated risks. For him, the issue of investment security in the Arctic regions is closely related to the assessment of their investment climate, such important components as legal and economic security of interests of entrepreneurs, incentives or, on the contrary, restrictions on investments.

            The Government, for its part, is guided by a much broader and variable set of criteria. In particular, it assesses what effects an investment project will have for national environmental, resource (including energy), military-political, technological, social security. At the same time, the Government ‘s approaches can change significantly, both in time and from country to country, depending on the political attitudes adopted. The speaker showed that the proposed analysis scheme correlates well with the results of the scenario forsake prediction of the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation until 2050, carried out under the auspices of the International Association of Arctic Social Sciences.
            On the example of official Arctic strategies of a number of countries (Sweden, Finland, Russia, China), the goals of their investment policy in the North were analyzed according to a single scheme. There is a significant divergence of national priorities, including on such a fundamental issue as the balance between the social and economic development of the Arctic regions and the protection of their natural environment. Attempts to internationally harmonize these approaches and standards of investor behaviour, including the development of the Arctic Council, the Arctic Economic Council and the Arctic Investment Protocol of the World Economic Forum.
            Associate Professor of the Department of International Studies of the NEFU D.D. Maximova made a brief co-report. She said that the idea of the roundtable arose in 2018 following the results of the RIAC city breakfast with the presentation of its mentioned educational and methodological materials “Problems and prospects for the development of the Arctic region.” The NEFU considers it desirable to continue this work in cooperation with RIAC, followed by the issuance of a final report.

            During the discussion on the investment climate of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) told the Deputy Head of the Department of Agency for Investment Attraction and Export Support of the RS(Y) D.A. Delakhov and the heads of two Arctic uluses – Anabarsky (I.I. Semenov) and Bulunsky (I.V. Kudryashov).
            D.A. Delakhov reported on benefits on income tax and mining granted to regional investment projects under republican legislation. For priority investment projects implemented under the patronage of the Federal Government, regional benefits are not provided, but assistance is provided in the formation of the necessary infrastructure. The draft law on State support for business activities in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, currently under discussion, is intended to give additional incentives to investors.

            Thanks to the measures taken, a number of major investment projects are being implemented in Sakha Republic (Yakutia), including the construction of the Zhatai shipyard and the launch of a wind power plant (3 plants with a capacity of 300 mWT) in Tiksi.
            The Agency for Investment Attraction and Export Support of the RS(Y) is a non-financial development institute established in the system of the Republican Ministry of Economy. It accompanies projects in the fields of mining and oil and gas industry, energy, agriculture, tourism. Recently, projects in the field of water and heat management have been advanced as promising, including with the support of the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation. The Agency also interacts with ANO Far East Investment and Export Agency, develops mechanisms of public-private partnership, implements export promotion programs.

            I.I. Semenov cited the activities of “Diamond Anabar”, a subsidiary of ALROSA diamond mining company, as a positive example of investor behavior in the Arctic, which deserves wide distribution. In particular, it actively interacts with the local administration, carries out mining in a nature-sparing mode, after completion of work necessarily performs recultivation of land.
            At the same time, there were also a number of problems that complicated the investment process in the ulus – not taking into account the specific interests of the small indigenous peoples of the North in the current legislation on fisheries and on public-private partnership; Restrictions on investments in the border strip. The investor needs constant interaction with the population, taking into account the specifics of the local mentality, especially in such sensitive issues as solid municipal waste storage.

            I.V. Kudryashov added that not all investors coming to Arctic uluses are determined to cooperate with their administration. An example of such behaviour is the transhipment of cargo from board ships in order not to build port facilities and not to depend on local authorities, as a result of which economic activities do not bring any benefits to the host region. In order to ensure that their interests are taken into account, northern municipalities are in favour of transferring some shares in investment projects to them.

            During the roundtable, representatives of the faculty of the NEFU I.D. Ilyakhova, doctor of economics, V.V. Sergeeva, PhD in economics, who highly appreciated the relevance and scientific and practical level of discussion, spoke.

            The adoption of the roundtable resolution was not envisaged, as there was only a primary exchange of views. However, it can be noted that all participants in the meeting were in favour of continuing the work. As the discussion showed, this topic is very relevant for the Russian and global Arctic, directly addressing issues of both international cooperation and domestic socio-economic development of polar regions. Promising directions of further work are:

– Synthesis of investment policies and practices of various States and international organizations in the Arctic (including by interviewing the views of investors, central and local authorities, local public opinion);

– Interface of analysis of investment regimes and scenarios for development of Arctic regions;

– Discussion of this topic at the RIAC and the NEFU events;

– Production of the final material, with practical recommendations for Arctic and non-Arctic states and investors.


19. Roundtable Discussion Human and Nature, Society and State in the North. Models fo rcooperation: tradition and modernization (17th-21stcentury)

September 26, 2019

Venue:  Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Assembly Hall. 33, Lenin Avenue

Co-organizer: Surgut State Pedagogical University

Moderator: Gololobov Eugenyi Ilyich, Vice-Rector for Scientific Work of Surgut State Pedagogical University

Results of the roundtable

            At the round table scientists of Surgut State Pedagogical University, Professor, Vice-Rector of Scientific Work Doctor of History, Professor, Surgut State Pedagogical University Gololobov E.I., Mostovenko M.S. Junior Researcher, Candidate of History, Surgut State Pedagogical University, Сandidate of History, Associate Professor of the Tyumen State University of Turov S.V. presented historical experience of interaction in the north of Siberia.

            Among the participants of the discussion were Doctor of History,  Professor, Member of the Federation Council Committee on Federal Organization, Regional Policy, Local Self-Government and North Affairs, Senator from Magadansky Oblast A.I. Shirokov,     Specially appointed assistant professor, Slavic-Eurasian Research Center, Hokkaido University Masanori Goto.

            The participants of the roundtable noted that the Siberian North is a support region for further economic development of the Arctic. This makes it an interesting object for analysis of models of interaction between ecology, economy and power. Considering the development of the North of Siberia from a historical and ecological position, it is obvious that its development was influenced by the political paradigm of “subjugation of nature.” In modern Russia, the importance of solving environmental problems, developing traditional environmental management systems, preserving the biological diversity of northern territories is recognized at the state level and enshrined in official documents. Nevertheless, the practice of “conquering the nature of the North” continues to exist, exacerbating the already difficult environmental situation in the region. The above aspects dictate need of complex judgment of historical experience of environmental management in the north of Siberia in the 20-21st centuries in which center there will be a person, the person as the user of nature.

            The participants of the round table expressed hope for further development of ecological-historical research of the Siberian North, presentation and discussion of the results of such research within the framework of the activities of the Northern Forum.

20. Expert Session Northern Sea Route and Development of Entrepreneurship of the Indigenous Peoples of the North

September 26, 2019

Venue: Government Building № 2, Assembly Hall, Floor 2.  30, Lenin Avenue, Floor 2

Co-organizers:  Ministry for Arctic Development and Northern Peoples Affairs of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), International Center for Reindeer Husbandry, Association of World Reindeer Herders, Arctic College of Northern Peoples, UNESCO Chair of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Arctic Science and Research Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Nord University, University of the Arctic

Results of the expert session

On September 26, 2019, an expert session on “Northeast Passage and Business Development of Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic” was held in Yakutsk. The event was organized by the International Center for Reindeer Husbandry, Association of World Reindeer Herders of the University of the Arctic with partners (the Ministry of Arctic Development and Northern Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry, the Association of World Reindeer Herders, the Arctic Research Centre of the Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Nord University, the University of the Arctic, the Northern Forum, and the UNESCO Chair of the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University).

This session was initiated by the Arctic Council’s project “EALLU Reindeer Herding Youth and Food Culture”.

The expert session was attended by representatives of foreign embassies, executive and legislative authorities of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), representatives of business, science and education, civil society, including indigenous peoples of the Arctic, students and others. Ms. Asgeirsdottir, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Iceland to the Russian Federation, Ms. Roussebø, Advisor to the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Moscow, Mr. S.N. Kharyuchi, President of the Council of the Association of Reindeer Herders of the World, and Mr. S.N. Kharyuchi, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the State Assembly of the Republic of Sakha (Il Tumen) of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) on Indigenous Peoples of the North and Arctic Affairs, delivered welcoming speeches. K. Golomareva, Commissioner for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the North in Sakha Republic (Yakutia) L.S. Ivanova, who stressed the importance of the development of small and medium businesses based on traditional environmental management as a basis for sustainable development and improving the comfort of living of the people, including in the context of the development of the Northern sea route.

24 speeches were delivered in the following main sections:

– Prospects for the development of the Northern sea route for the economic development of the Arctic regions;

– Arctic business: conditions and resource opportunities for development;

– Local production in the Arctic: business experience;

– Formation of business competencies of indigenous peoples of the Arctic.

Participants in the expert session stressed the importance of this:

– Consider the development of the Arctic and its peoples from the perspective of the reality of the Northern sea route and other international transport corridors;

– economic and other management decisions based on the phenomenal specifics of Arctic entrepreneurship, where “average” methods and mechanisms do not work, do not have the effect of traditional infrastructure to support entrepreneurship, where it is more important to focus on supporting the interaction between large corporate structures and the local small business (based on the experience of Norway, Scotland, Canada).

The participants of the expert session made the following decisions:

1. to recommend to the Government of Sakha Republic (Yakutia):

1.1 Take measures to implement special educational programs for the population of the Arctic regions aimed at mass education in the basics of business, increasing their financial and legal literacy, as well as measures to raise public awareness of the measures taken and being taken to develop entrepreneurship.

1.2 Work with the federal government to develop support for entrepreneurs in the Arctic to overcome the following obstacles:

– in the field of energy saving and energy efficiency as critical for maintaining the resilience of small and medium-sized businesses in the Arctic;

– Inaccessibility of the infrastructure and business support institutions in regional and local centers for small and medium businesses;

– destructive competition in the small northern markets of entrepreneurs and state (municipal) enterprises.

As well as for:

– providing compensation for northern increases in costs for employers (vacation, district coefficients, percentage allowances, reduced working week for women, payment for travel to and from the place of rest, etc.),

– ensuring all forms of economic integration of large resource companies and small and medium businesses in the North and Arctic regions;

– development of ethnic entrepreneurship in traditional crafts, tourism, nature management and rural service industries;

– stimulating the production of unique products with export potential.

1.3 Review the range of issues related to the development of the fisheries sector of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) with the involvement of the scientific community, including in part:

– Work with federal authorities to simplify the current procedure for allocating fishing quotas for scientific research that does not take into account the specifics of the northern and Arctic regions,

– Construction of fish-breeding plants on main rivers in close proximity to spawning grounds of semi-passing whitefish species for further increase of fish production,

– Development of a simplified regional procedure for the stocking of water bodies with fish species typical of Sakha Republic (Yakutia),

– Encourage scientific research on marine coastal fisheries, targeting both marine species and traditional semi-automatic whitefish and other species

1.4 Pay attention to the possibility of implementing a project related to the use of modern technologies by indigenous peoples in the processing of traditional products using the Northern sea route in the northern regions of the Russian Federation, designated in paragraph 2 of the Protocol of the sixth session of the Working Group on Interregional and Cross-border Cooperation of the Norwegian-Russian Intergovernmental Commission for Economic, Industrial, Scientific and Technical Cooperation of June 18, 2019 (Budo, Norway). Joint mobilization of project resources can ensure better progress and a high level of impact for regional economic development of small businesses.

2) To recommend to educational organizations to develop and implement educational programs aimed at the development of skills of Arctic entrepreneurship, taking into account not only foreign and domestic experience, but also their own specific characteristics, both in terms of the content of educational products and forms and methods of education, as well as the children’s and adults’ populations of the northern and arctic territories.

3) To recommend to scientific organizations and business community to pay attention to the following:

– The need to ensure the preservation and development of the unique traditions of Arctic nutrition, the study and development of the export potential of unique products and dishes of Arctic cuisine,

– intensifying research into the resource base of traditional natural resource use and its potential for business development, including the quality of meat, fish and products,

– the need for further fundamental justification of the phenomenal features of Arctic business.

21. Panel Discussion International Organization of Northern Regions The Northern Forum

September 26, 2019

Venue: Government Building № 2, Assembly Hall. 30, Lenin Avenue, Floor 2

Moderator: Acting Executive Director of the Northern Forum Maximova D.D.

In 1991, the Northern Forum, an international non-governmental organization of northern regions’ governors was founded, whose mission is to improve the quality of life of the population and support the sustainable development of cold-climate regions. The Northern Forum has so far remained the only international organization of the North and the Arctic aimed at supporting interregional cooperation throughout the circumpolar Arctic, establishing a North-South dialogue, primarily with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region. Over its nearly 30-year history, the Northern Forum has carried out many projects that have tangibly affected the socio-economic development of the regions, and has held hundreds of events. Every two years, the General Assembly of the organization is held, where in addition to organizational issues, general issues of interaction between regions and business partners are discussed. Recently, the NF Governors Summit has been introduced into practice to define the priority areas for cooperation in the near future. 10 working groups have been formed to launch project activities in specific areas.

In 2018, the Northern Forum held a grant competition, which made it possible to organize and hold a grant competition on 24-28 September 2019 “The Northern Sustainable Development Forum” in Yakutsk. The Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Resource Center for Support to the University of the Arctic” (Executive Director D.D. Maximova) won a grant from the Northern Forum within the framework of the project approved by the Northern Forum Working Group on Regional Adaptation to Climate Change to organize and hold the Northern Sustainable Development Forum in Yakutsk.

The panel discussion included presentations:

D.D. Maximova, Acting Executive Director of the Northern Forum

A.N. Bozhedonova, Deputy Executive Director of the Northern Forum in 1999-2015

V. N. Vasiliev, Head of the Northern Forum Working Group on Regional Adaptation to Climate Change, 1st Deputy Minister for External Relations and People’s Affairs of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Executive Director of the Northern Forum in 2013-2015

Heininen Lassi, Professor, University of Helsinki (Finland)

A.N. Pilasov, Professor of Moscow State University, Director General of ANO “Institute of Regional Consulting”

N.I. Slugina, Regional Coordinator of the Northern Forum from the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Head of the International Relations Department of the Governor’s Office and the Government of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

A.M. Vorotnikov, expert of the Arctic Development Project Office, associate professor of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.

Lasserre Frederic, Professor, Laval University (Quebec, Canada)

Gadal Sebastien, Professor at the University of Aix-Marseille (France).

During the panel discussion, all the speakers stressed the importance and significance of the activities of the international organization “Northern Forum”, voiced the main milestones in the history of the organization, and discussed the future development of the international organization of northern regions “Northern Forum”:

– membership issues and attraction of new member regions and business partners;

– development of project activities within the organization;

– Possibilities of transforming the Northern Forum into a tool for attracting investments, participation in grant contests to support the project activities of the organization;

– The Chukchi Autonomous Okrug proposed to hold a separate session for the Northern Forum Working Group on Regional Adaptation to Climate Change, possibly in the framework of a separate session of the Northern Forum on Sustainable Development;

– Opportunities for interregional cooperation in the framework of the Northern Forum of Russian Regions that are part of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation;

– the need to create a roadmap for the Northern Forum Strategy;

– Use the Northern Sustainable Development Forum Platform as a tool to engage with the Northern Forum and implement the projects proposed at the NSDF;

– the possibility of signing a cooperation agreement between the Northern Forum and the Korean Maritime Institute, the possibility of returning to the organization of Hokkaido Prefecture, and the possibility of joining the organization’s observers in St. Petersburg and the Murmansk region were voiced.

22. Roundtable Discussion Economic Behavior of the Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic Zone

September 26, 2019

Venue: Main Academic Building (GUK), Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. 42, Kulakovsky st., Room 237

Co-organizers: Task force doing research with the Russian Foundation for Basic Research gran “Transformation of economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic zone in the conditions of globalization”

Moderator: E.V. Zabelina, Associate Professor of Chelyabinsk State University 

Topics for discussion: Factors of globalization affecting the economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic zone; Comparative analysis of socio-economic factors defining the economic be havior and individual well be in gof the indigenous peoples of the Arctic, living in Russia and abroad (Canada, Finland, Greenland, USA) under globalization; Key determinants and features of the economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic zone; Integrated socio-economic-psychological apparat us providing true information on the determinants and specifics of the economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic zone.

The round table discussed the results of a study entitled “Transformation of the economic behaviour of small indigenous minorities of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation”, which is being carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the framework of scientific project No. 19-013-00394

Currently, globalization has a direct impact on all social processes, including the economic behavior of individuals, regardless of origin and place of residence. Despite numerous theoretical concepts analyzing various aspects of economic behavior, there is a lack of scientific concepts explaining the formation and transformation of the economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the North living in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The inclusion of the Arctic in the current orbit of global economic and political interests, as well as the active state and supranational influence on the traditional economy and traditional way of life of small indigenous minorities living in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, leads to a serious and often non-positive transformation of the behavior of persons belonging to this category. It becomes obvious that in the current conditions and in relation to the indigenous population of the Arctic, classical theories of analysis of economic behavior (D. Kaneman, 1934; V. Smith, 1927, etc.) are losing their gnoseological and heuristic potential. There is a need to develop a fundamentally new optimal model of transformation of economic behavior and mechanisms that provide a positive vector of the process under study, which would take into account the specifics of the existence of a person from among the indigenous peoples living in the Arctic zone, in the global information space, in the consumer society. The purpose of the present study is to develop integration mechanisms of the AzRF indigenous minorities (nomadic and sedentary) on the basis of identifying the determinants and peculiarities of various types of economic behavior in order to increase the level of subjective and economic well-being of the population (on the basis of the research material of senior pupils, students, adults under 45 years of age from the indigenous minorities of the North living in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation).

Based on the results of the comparative analysis, the study will provide the latest data on the determinants and peculiarities of the economic behavior of small indigenous minorities living in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. For the first time, the results of a study of the relationship between economic behaviour and subjective well-being among indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone will be presented, as well as a description of the temporal component of economic consciousness among indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone;

The paper presents a comprehensive Concept for Transforming the Economic Behaviour of Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic Zone, taking into account its main determinants and characteristics, and a program for transforming the economic behaviour of indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone. The results of the research, published in a series of scientific articles, theses and monographs, will help to overcome the imbalance between socio-economic and socio-structural changes in the indigenous Arctic society and the state of scientific reflection, can be taken into account in the development of state economic, political and economic programs, in the fight against social diseases of our time, in the formation of healthy forms of national and cultural identity and its modern values.

23. Roundtable Discussion Nordification of Construction

September 26, 2019

Venue: Ministry of Entrepreneurship, Trade and Tourism of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Conference Hall. 22, Lenin Avenue

Co-organizer: Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk Krai.

Moderator: Yuri Zakharinsky, Head of the Integrated Arctic Research Department, Siberian Federal University. Sergey Amelchugov, Head of the Department of Engineering and Construction Institute, Siberian Federal University.

Roundtable resolution

The meeting was attended by 53 participants.

At the round table were discussed:

– Issues related to special conditions and risks of construction in the Arctic;

– Issues of organization, construction technology, structures, logistics, operation of buildings in the Arctic;

– Application of modern construction materials, assessment of conformity of construction materials used in the northern construction;

– Issues of ensuring the competence of builders and personnel training.

Speakers:

1. Amelchugov S.P., Head of the Department of Construction Materials and Construction Technology of the SFU Construction Engineering Institute, Krasnoyarsk Krai;

2. Zh.G. Petukhova, Professor of the Norilsk State Industrial Institute, Norilsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai.

Speakers:

1. G.G. Novikova, First Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Construction of Sakha Republic (Yakutia);

2. O.V. Kiseleva, Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Architecture and Design of SFU, Krasnoyarsk Krai;

3. O.I. Matveeva, General Director of the Yakutsk State Design and Research Institute of Construction, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia);

4. T.N. Zarubina, Head of the Healthcare Committee of the Tyumen Oblast Public Chamber, Tyumen;

5. T.A. Kornikov, Director of the Engineering Institute, North-Eastern Federal University, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia);

6. S.M. Propopova, Master’s student at the Ural State University of Architecture and Art, Ekaterinburg;

7. Mashkarina S.V., Tourism Sector Consultant, Committee on Culture, Sports and Tourism of the Chukchi Autonomous Okrug;

8. O.M. Kopyrina, Leading Specialist of the Association “Union of Builders of Yakutia”, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

9. A.S. Ivanov, Head of the Oleneksky District of Sakha Republic (Yakutia);

10. V.A. Kuzakova, Head of the Department of State Expertise of Design Documentation and Engineering Research Results in Construction of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

The participants of the round table decided:

1. To propose to the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Communal Services of the Russian Federation to create a system of standards ensuring construction of efficient and comfortable buildings for northern territories.

It is necessary to tie the construction of objects to a specific territory, to take into account the logistics of construction materials and structures.

2. To propose to the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic for the subsequent development of natural resources of the Arctic territories to apply the existing practice of construction of shift camps. Support the proposal of the Siberian Federal University (Krasnoyarsk Krai) to create settlement houses. To provide for the construction of new northern cities on the basis of geopolitical substantiation.

3. Subjects of the Federation of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation should consider the preservation of small northern settlements to be of fundamental importance.

To propose solutions for individual houses in small settlements, paying special attention to the comfort of living, environmental friendliness of building materials, energy saving, water treatment and water disposal. Provide for the creation of renovation programs for Arctic settlements, including Norilsk.

4. The heads of municipal entities (cities, districts), heads of rural settlements, and heads of operating organizations should envisage automation of the operation of buildings and structures, development of geotechnical, geocryogenic, and geo-hydrological monitoring systems, while simultaneously monitoring the condition of load-bearing structures and the ecology of buildings. In monitoring to apply methods of nondestructive diagnostics of building bases, methods of forecasting deformations of existing buildings.

5. To the scientific organisations specialising on researches in the field of building to concentrate researches on working out of new building technologies and materials, to develop special decisions on maintenance of bearing ability of the bases of buildings and constructions in the conditions of a changing climate.

6. To propose to the Arctic Development Project Office (Moscow State University, Moscow) to develop the direction of Arctic construction, to include in the projects under consideration the application of new materials and structures, technologies for road pavements.

7. To propose to the University of the Arctic to create a film about the best practices of Arctic circumpolar construction.

8. To recommend to the Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk Krai, the creation of a system of voluntary certification “Arctic Quality Mark”.

24. Roundtable Discussion Human Adaptation in the Arctic

September 26, 2019

Venue: Medical Institute of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. 27, Oyunsky st., Room 201 (Assembly Hall)

Co-organizers: Medical Institute of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, UNESCO Chair of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

Moderator: Anatoly Zhozhikov, Doctor of Pedagogics, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Head of UNESCO Chair of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University.

Snezhana Sleptsova, Doctor of Medicine, Head of the Department of Infectious Diseases, Phthisiology and Dermatovenerology, Medical Institute of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University.

The round table was held under the aegis of the fruitful cooperation of the UNESCO Chair with the Medical Institute of North-Eastern Federal University. The work of this round table was aimed at the scientific substantiation of problems and solutions to the adaptation processes of human life in the context of climate change and industrial development of the Arctic and Subarctic in the context of medical and physiological, psycholinguistic, educational and socio-economic problems. This scientific-theoretical roundtable was a prerequisite for practical planning of programs in the field of health care and education of the indigenous and non-indigenous population of the Arctic and Subarctic zones of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), aimed at the adaptation of the human north in the context of globalization, new migration trends, and economic and climatic instability.

Presentations were made by representatives of the M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, the Institute of Cosmophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Circumpolar Reindeer Husbandry at the University of the Arctic (Norway), the Expert Medical Group from Tyumen, and the St. Petersburg Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

P.G. Petrova (Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Normal and Pathological Physiology (Medical Institute, NEFU) made presentations): “The role of expeditionary research in the development of health care of the North” and guest of the round table discussion Matiesen Svein (Professor of the Saami University, Professor of UNESCO Chair, NEFU): “Reindeer herding in the context of climate change and globalization”.

Presentation by T.N. Zarubina, representative of the expert medical group from Tyumen, on the project “Quality of Life”, report by Z.M. Zagdyn, Ph.D. in medical sciences, employee of the St. Petersburg Research Institute of Phthisiopulmonology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation “Spread of socially significant infections in the conditions of the Far North”, and report on the monitoring project “Space weather impact on the health of the population of the Arctic regions”, K.V. Komzina, The senior lecturer of the Department of Histology and Microbiology (Medical Institute of the Ammosov North-Western Federal University) caused a huge positive response among the participants of the round table.

The first work provided medical and historical expertise of the results of the first unique complex academic expedition in 1925 under the guidance of academicians S.F. Oldenburg, A.E. Fersman, F.Y. Levinson-Lessing and V.L. Komarov. The author of the report highlighted that then, according to the work of this first research campaign, a comprehensive plan of 5-year work of the Yakutsk Academic Expedition was drawn up, which played an exceptional role in the development of the republic, including health care, with special attention to the elimination of tuberculosis among the population and the study of the sanitary and hygienic conditions of life and the general morbidity of the local population, given the huge mortality rate of women of childbearing age at that time, as well as children, especially in infancy. The author decided at the end of his report that due to the current social and economic instability in the remote regions of Yakutia, the model of the Soviet health care of that time can be applied in the modern approach to the adaptation processes in the new changing Arctic.

In his presentation, Professor Mathiessen expressed his sincere concern and fears about the undeniable changes in actual temperature data in Norway and Yakutia due to reindeer herding and the reduction in reindeer diets.

According to him, due to early snowmelt and the resulting ice crust, there has been a decrease in feed rations for Norwegian reindeer, and, accordingly, it is necessary to monitor the climate change phenomenon in Yakutia in order to identify positive and negative factors for reindeer herding in Chersk and Yenga.

Dr. Tatyana Nikolaevna Zarubina spoke about her project to study the origins of longevity and genetic code of a happy and fruitful life in the traditional approach to health and lifestyle among the natives of many corners of the world from indigenous Americans to the Russian North. Zagdyn Zinaida Moiseevna presented a realistic and harsh picture of the research data on tuberculosis and HIV from her report “The spread of socially significant infections in the Far North”. The terrible truth of this report is that, psychologically and somehow, the people of the Far North are subject to depressive conditions and, consequently, to a low threshold of immunity to reflect an infection. Komzin Kirill Vasilyevich, a senior lecturer at the Department of Histology and Microbiology (Medical Institute of NEFU), also drew attention to the dependence of psychosomatic processes on climate, atmospheric pressure, and solar activity. Conclusions of the report, conducted in the framework of the international program “Heliomed”, and compiled on the basis of data collection of medical information, conducted on the basis of the materials of emergency medical care in Yakutsk, in a number of which about 145 thousand medical records of emergency medical care for patients with cardiovascular diseases were processed in 1992 and 1998, also showed not quite optimistic picture for the inhabitants of the Arctic latitudes.

The following resolution was adopted based on the results of the section:

– To use the results of scientific works and the potential of scientists who participated in the work of this section in the field of medical and physiological, psycholinguistic, educational and socio-economic problems to implement joint interdisciplinary scientific projects;

– attract a wide range of specialists to solve this global problem to actively conduct interdisciplinary scientific research;

– to entrust the UNESCO Chair of NEFU “Adaptation of Man and Society in the Arctic Regions under the conditions of climate change and globalization” with a coordinating role for the development of joint interdisciplinary research projects with the involvement of foreign researchers;

– Request the Government and relevant ministries of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) to support these initiatives.

– All participants of this round table should take an active part in the preparation of projects to receive grants and other funds for the implementation of this scientific problem.

The organizers of the round table thanked the participants and guests for their sincere contribution to the potential solution of the problems of adaptation processes in the conditions of climate change and socio-economic instability in the Arctic regions with words of gratitude for the indifference and uninterrupted sustainable productivity of their collective intelligence and academic integrity.

25. Roundtable Discussion on Floods in the Arctic

September 27, 2019

Venue: Academic Laboratory Building (ULK) of Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Academic Council Hall. 58, Belinsky st.

Moderator: N.I.Tananaev, Lead Researcher, Institute of Permafrost Studies SD RAS 

Floods are a natural phenomenon that causes the greatest damage to the society and economy of Sakha Republic (Yakutia). It is generally accepted that floods have natural causes (heavy snowmelt, heavy rainfall, ice jams) and social consequences (direct and indirect damage to the population and infrastructure of settlements). The round table participants stressed that floods also have social causes (marginalization of the population, lack of information, settlement patterns, type of management) and natural consequences (degradation of ecosystem services). Floods, like other natural disasters, are a challenge to the existing socio-economic formation, and compensation for damage caused by them depends on the level of development of society as a whole.

The roundtable considered the causes and consequences of the 2018 flood in the Amga raion of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) based on the results of research conducted by specialists from the Melnikov Institute of Permafrost Science of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the North-Western Federal University, as well as methodological approaches being developed by the Roshydromet Arctic Research Institute in the field of public monitoring of hydrological processes in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, and the practice of the Executive Directorate for Elimination of the Consequences of the Spring Flood and Organization of Rehabilitation Activities of Sakha Republic (Yakutia).

The participants of the discussion recognized that at present the practice of passive response to hydrological risks is widely and predominantly used. Sustainable measures to prevent the negative consequences of floods should be based on a comprehensive consideration of natural and social causes and consequences of floods and strategies for active management of hydrological risks.

Main elements of active hydrological risk management:

1. Forecast: short- and medium-term flood forecasting methods should be developed, taking into account regional hydrological differences;

2. Prevention: A flexible set of preventive measures should be developed, taking into account local peculiarities and the structure of the channel;

3. Warning: Damage prevention measures should be introduced that actively reduce the costs of flood management;

4. Response: It is necessary to minimize the efforts of rescue services and the risk to the health of their employees during rescue activities;

5. Mitigation: sustainable flood management measures should be developed and implemented in the long term.

Main strategies for minimizing hydrological risks:

1. Evasion: Measures should be taken to ensure that the boundaries of flooding and submergence zones are fixed in the State Real Estate Cadastre;

2. Transfer: Insurance programmes should be developed for property located in the area of possible negative flood impact, differentiated in terms of probability of such impact;

3. Mitigation: Adapted flood prevention and mitigation measures should be developed, taking into account local conditions;

4. Acceptance: Material reserves created for flood management should be used rationally.

The report on the Regional Innovation System “Arctic Reference Observation Network” in the Russian Arctic was devoted to the discussion of the Scheme-map of fragmentation of the territory of the Russian Arctic according to the water-basin principle proposed by the staff of the Department of River Mouth Hydrology and Water Resources of the AARI Roshydromet, as well as to the issues of restoration of the state monitoring posts and the use of their data in the field of public monitoring of water bodies in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, training in hydrology and hydroecology.

The participants of the Roundtable on Floods in the Arctic address the Northern Forum Directorate, the Government of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and the regional authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation – participants of the Northern Forum – with the following proposals:

1. Take measures to develop hydrological education at the highest and middle levels, taking into account the natural features of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation;

2. Support the development and implementation of the Concept for Active Management of Hydrological Risks in Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and the regions participating in the Northern Forum;

3. Support the development of the Arctic reference observation network of the Russian Federation as a basis for public monitoring of water bodies, collection of hydro-ecological information, conducting educational and vocational guidance work in the municipalities of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation;

4. Include in the program of the Second Northern Sustainable Development Forum a separate international conference on hydrology of the cryolithic zone and hydrological processes in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.

5. Consider the possibility of establishing a research institute in Yakutsk, potentially in the form of an autonomous institution of the RS(Yakutia), for the comprehensive study of hydrological processes, including hydrological hazards, in the cryolithic zone of the Russian Federation (with the support of Roshydromet of the Russian Federation, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)).

26. Northern Forum model: Youth expert platform

September 28, 2019

Venue: Educational and laboratory building of the North-Eastern Federal University, Hall of the Scientific Council. 58, Belinsky st.

Moderator: D.D. Maximova, Acting Executive Director of the Northern Forum

Presentations were made:

D.D. Maximova, Acting Executive Director of the Northern Forum, Candidate of Science Division of Canada at the Institute of the USA and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Associate Professor of International Studies at the Institute of Foreign Philology and Regional Studies of the NEFU. Report: “The History of Development of Northern Regions and the Arctic of Canada”.

E. Timofeyeva, PhD student at the NEFU Institute of Natural Sciences. Report: “Principles of creating elastomeric sealing parts operating at low temperatures”.

A.I. Shirokov, member of the Federation Council from the Magadan region, delivered a speech on the role of youth and socio-economic development of the North and the Arctic.He proposed 1) to involve the Federation Council in the organization of the Northern Forum on Sustainable Development; 2) to create a chamber of young legislators.

A.M. Vorotnikov, expert of the Arctic Development Project Office, associate professor of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), proposed to develop two directions in Sakha Republic (Yakutia): ekovolontery and to organize a competition of thesis and term papers on topics that would be announced at the SFSD under the auspices of the Northern Forum.

O.S. Lvova, 2nd year student at the Faculty of Chemical Technologies of the Lomonosov Moscow Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies.

E.I. Golobov, Vice-Rector of the Surgut State Pedagogical University, told about scientific activities of students and post-graduate students at SSPU.

Karina Kesservan, Attorney at Kesservan-Arto (Quebec, Canada), spoke about the project “Children of the Arctic: Local Knowledge and Sustainable Development”.

A.V. Ponomareva, NEFU International Relations Officer. Report: “Sweden’s experience in sustainable development”.

Lasserre Frederic, Professor at Laval University (Quebec, Canada), spoke about the scientific activities of students and post-graduate students in Canada.

A.M. Ivanova, Director of the Arctic School, and her students Alexeyev Slava and Platonova Jasmine proposed to organize the Northern Forum Model not only for students, but also for schoolchildren, it is necessary to hold role-plays.

A.D. Marfusalova, member of the Public Chamber of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Association of Evenks of Sakha Republic (Yakutia), proposed to make the Arktika school a basic school for the Far East region.

V.I. Shadrin, ISISPMNS SB RAS suggested establishing contacts between schools, in particular, the “Arctic” school could do it, stressed the need to discuss the experience of preserving the language and culture of IPs, and expressed a wish to organize a Northern Forum model on specific topics.

Mostovenko M.S., Associate Professor of the Surgut State Pedagogical University, proposed to create an Association of Young Scientists of the Arctic.

27. Presentation of projects

September 27, 2019

Venue: Public Center, Assembly Hall. 24, Kurashov st., Floor 6

  • Presentation of the Scientific and Educational Center for Arctic and Subarctic Development “North”:
  • Hybrid energy sources of local energy of the North” (co-organized by North-Eastern Federal University, V.P. Vasiliev);
  • High-tech production, adaptation of technologies and production of unique nonfactory and small-scale systems on the basis of manufactory, engineering and cluster design of IC “FutureSkills: NEFU” (co-organizer – North-Eastern Federal University, R.O. Gogolev).
  • Presentation of the initiative to create the “Council of Bering of the Pacific-Arctic Region” (co-organized by Khabarovsk State University of Economics and Law “SCO and Asia Pacific Research Center”, Khabarovsk Krai).
  • Presentation of the Arctic Information System for Business (co-organized by the Arctic Portal, Iceland)
  • “Children of the Arctic” (co-organized by the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization “RCU University of the Arctic”, Association of Indigenous Minorities of Siberia, the North and the Far East, University of Greenland, University of Washington, McGill University)
  • “Talents of the Arctic” (FADN project, Association of cultural workers to support and develop talented youth, Moscow)
  • Presentation of the activities of the PORA Expert Center (co-organizer – Arctic Project Development Office)
  • “Children of the Arctic” (co-organized by the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization “RCP University of the Arctic”, Association of Indigenous Peoples of Siberia, the North and the Far East, University of Greenland, University of Washington, McGill University)
  • “Arctic Talents” (Association of Cultural Workers for the Support and Development of Talented Youth, Moscow)
  • Presentation of the activities of the PORA centre of expertise (co-organised by the Arctic Development Project Office)
  • International Project “Culture and Art in the Arctic” (co-organized by the Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts)
  • Russian Arctic: new materials, technologies and research methods. Scientific and educational space in the network form (co-organized by the Northern Arctic Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov). M.V. Lomonosov, Arkhangelsk)
  • Siberian University on Wings (co-organized by the Department of Integrated Arctic Studies of Siberian Federal University)
  • Construction of tourist bases in the Russian Arctic (co-organized by Siberian Federal University)
  • Ovtsebyk – the Golden Fleece of Yakutia (co-organized by the Ministry of Ecology, Nature Management and Forestry of Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
  • Digitalization of the linguistic and cultural heritage of the Arctic peoples (co-organizer of the UNESCO Chair of the North-Eastern Federal University)
  • Comprehensive scientific and technical programme of the full innovation cycle “Platform Solutions for Integrated Territorial Development” (co-organised by the Arctic Innovation Centre of North-Eastern Federal University)
  • The Call of the Earth (Nomadic culture of the peoples of Russia)
  • Project of international high-tech professional World Skills: Arctic Challenge (co-organized by the North-Eastern Federal University).

The above projects will be considered by the Northern Forum for further work within the framework of the organization’s project activities.

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